Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is the leading Chinese academic journal that publishes articles in all areas of natural sciences. The Journal is meant to serve as a means of communication and discussion of important issues related to science and scientific activities. The Journal publishes only original articles in English which have international importance. In addition to full-length research articles, the Journal publishes review articles. Papers can be focused on fundamental research leading to new methods, or adaptation of existing methods for new applications.

Articles for the Journal are peer-reviewed by third-party reviewers who are selected from among specialists in the subject matter of peer-reviewed materials.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is a kind of forum for discussing issues and problems facing science and scholars, as well as an effective means of interaction between the members of the academic community. The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is read bya large number of scholars, and the circulation of the journal is constantly growing.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences publishes special issues on various and relevant topics of interest to the scientific community.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is indexed by Web of Science, Scopus, Current Contents, Geobase and Chemical Abstracts.


Articles containing fundamental or applied scientific results in all areas of the natural sciences are accepted for consideration.

The Editorial Board of the Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is composed of 25 members and is chaired by Academician Chen Zhengqing. Editor-in-chief is Prof. Yi Weijian.


Frequency of publication: monthly

ISSN: 1674-2974

Access to all articles on the website is open, does not require registration or payment.

Journal articles are licensed under the CC BY 4.0 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences takes care of maintaining electronic versions of articles. Data safety is ensured by backing up digital data in accordance with internal regulations. Logical and physical data migration is also provided. Cloud technologies are applied.

For further information, please contact:


Address: Lushan Road (S), Yuelu District, Changsha, Hunan Province, Zip Code: 410082 (Editorial Department of Journal)

Paper Submission 



Submission open for Volume 50, Issue 2, February, 2023

Dear Authors,

Please submit your manuscripts through our Online Submission System or directly to the Chief -Editor's e-mail
Deadline:   January 20, 2023.

Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is an international, peer-reviewed open - access journal on all aspects of natural sciences published monthly online.
Manuscripts are peer-reviewed. The first decision is given to authors about 20-30 days after submission; acceptance for publication after revisions is done within seven days.
Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences provides an advanced forum on all aspects of natural sciences. It publishes reviews, research papers, and communications. We aim to encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical results in as much detail as possible. There is no restriction on the length of the papers. The full experimental details must be provided so that everyone can reproduce the results. Electronic files and software regarding the full details of the calculation or experimental procedure can be deposited as supplementary electronic material if unable to be published in a normal way.

The journal covers physics, chemistry, engineering, environmental, earth sciences and biology.

•    Biosciences and Bioengineering;
•    Computer and Information Science;
•    Chemistry;
•    Earth-Aerospace-Marine Science;
•    Electrical and Electronic Engineering;
•    Education;
•    Engineering;
•    Energy;
•    Environmental Sciences;
•    Economy;
•    Finance;
•    Materials Science;
•    Mathematics;
•    Medicine;
•    Neurosciences ;
•    Physics;
•    Pharmaceuticals.

The authors should prepare the articles strictly according to the template. Please check the link

All articles published in are published in full open access. In order to provide free access to readers, and to cover the costs of peer review, copyediting, typesetting, long-term archiving, and journal management, an article processing charge (APC) of EUR 430 applies to papers accepted after peer - review.
Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use our English editing service (EUR 70-100) prior to publication or during author revisions. The articles that native English speakers do not edit are not allowed for publication.
The journal publishes articles in English or Chinese.
Articles published in the Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences will be Open-Access articles distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The copyright is retained by the author(s).
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Last Research Articles

This study aimed to understand the impact of integrated business reports on the continuity of companies considering the Corona pandemic. To achieve the goal of this study, we got the industrial companies listed on the Amman Stock Exchange as a community and a sample of them. We got the data from the financial statements of the 33 companies published on the stock exchange website quarterly for the period (from 2018 to 2020): which covers two periods: the first before the COVID-19 pandemic and the second during the COVID-19 pandemic. We used the macro process analysis to analyze data, evaluated the integrated business report (independent variable) by giving to the disclosed item (1) and the undisclosed item (0): and the going concern (dependent variable) by Altman equation, finally COVID-19 pandemic (modified variable) by Dummy variable. The positive impact of integrated business reports is an ongoing concern, and the negative impact of the Corona pandemic ongoing concern, and when the Corona pandemic serves as a modifier on the relationship between integrated business reports and going concern, the impact of integrated business reports ongoing concern has become negative considering the Corona pandemic. Companies enhance their integrated reports on the risks they may face and develop strategic plans for crisis management at all levels (short-term, mid-term, and long-term) in the future.


Keywords: integrated business reports, COVID-19 pandemic, going concern.

Abdullah Mohammad Al-Zoubi, Ibtisam Salem Almasaeid

Stunting, wasting and being underweight are some of the significant health issues observed in Indonesia. A program called Community-Based Nutrition Recording and Reporting (e-PPGBM) is used to identify the prevalence of child malnutrition. This study aimed to use the e-PPGBM tool to examine the variables that affect toddlers’ stunting, wasting, and underweight due to malnutrition. This study used cross-sectional research and quantitative analysis as its methodology. Using total sampling, 574 respondents were chosen as the samples, with the appropriate details: 316 people had stunting, 191 had wasting, and 67 had underweight. The findings of this study revealed a correlation of the occurrence of stunting with the exposure to cigarettes (26.6%), basic immunization (86.1%), helminthiasis (61.1%), and clean water facilities (4.7%), as well as the occurrence of wasting with the exposure to cigarettes (79.1%), incomplete basic immunization (26.7%), helminthiasis (6.8 %), and a lack of clean water facilities (12.6%). However, there was no statistically significant factor linked to the occurrence of underweight. As a result, this study recommends using a multi-strategy approach to address the root causes and immediate problems of under-five malnutrition.


Keywords: stunting, wasting, underweight, nutrition, e-PPGBM.

Evi Hasnita, Rina Mariyana, Wiwit Febrina, Novi Wulan Sari, Billy Harnaldo, Yuniliza

This study reveals the distribution of Bacillariophyceae in estuarine-mangrove which is mainly influenced by the quality of the waters. The main component analysis approach between variables is critical in this study because it determines the environmental characteristics in each estuarine zone. Estuarine-mangrove environments have different physical-chemical dynamics compared to other types of waters, one of which is Musi Estuary, located on the coast of South Sumatra. The aquatic environment of the Musi Estuary is influenced by tidal fluctuations that bring nutrients from inland waters and mangrove litter. This condition is perfect for the phytoplankton habitat, which plays an essential role in the ecological processes of waters as primary producers. This study aims to examine the diversity of Bacillariophyceae phytoplankton in the mangrove estuary environment and its possible role in estuarine ecology. Data were collected at ten observation stations in July, including samples of phytoplankton and water physical-chemical data such as pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature, salinity, water brightness, current speed, nitrates, and phosphates. Quantitative measurement of phytoplankton was performed using an Olympus CX23 light microscope at 100X magnification, while data were analyzed using PCA and Bray-Curtis similarity analysis. Water environment conditions were measured in a stable range in each zone except for salinity and brightness. Furthermore, only Bacillariophyceae were observed in all observation zones dominated by the Skeletonema genus. It is a dominant presence, and its abundance determined its role as a significant primary producer in the estuary outer zone near the sea. This study implicitly revealed the existence of Skeletonema in influencing ecological processes in estuary mangrove waters.


Keywords: biodiversity, species, Musi Estuary, principal components analysis, phytoplankton.

Rozirwan, Redho Yoga Nugroho, Puspa Indah Wulandari, Riris Aryawati, Fauziyah, Wike Ayu Eka Putri, Andi Agussalim, Isnaini

Network Intrusion detection systems (NIDS) are extremely important for make the network secure from unauthorized access. Numerous studies have already been conducted to detect the unauthorized access to achieve security. As the NIDS are still lacking in terms of accuracy, true positive rate (TPR) and the false positive rate (FPR) of the invasive events. The main cause of high FPR in intrusion detection systems is run with a default set of signatures. Issues in the detection rate are caused by feature similarities between man-made events and environmental events. Considering this fact, in this paper, we introduced a new intrusion detection algorithm named as I-DBSCAN by focusing on the above-mentioned issues to get the better results from the previously done experiments. We used clustering and classification techniques. The proposed algorithm is an enhanced version of the existing DBSCAN algorithm. However, this research can spot attacks on data from IDS. It is found that the novel algorithm achieved more accuracy when it is applied to four classification methods on KDD Cup 99 and NSL-KDD Cup99 data. The results of our proposed methodology are more efficient with the achievement of better accuracy level and false positive rate (FPR).


Keywords: density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise, false positive rate, intrusion detection system, network intrusion detection system.

Shahneela Pitafi, Toni Anwar, Zubair Sharif

Fluoride and Arsenic are two inorganic contaminants found in drinking water, and ingestion of such drinking water may result in complicated adverse effects. This research aimed to study the effects of Fluoride and Arsenic alone and their co-exposure on the histomorphological changes in sub regions of the hippocampus and cerebral cortex and learning and memory ability in Wistar rats. One-month-old male Wistar rats 32 were randomly allocated and assigned to a Control group, Fluoride group, Arsenic group, and Fluoride + Arsenic group. The control rats were treated with potable water. The remaining rats were treated with 120 ppm of Fluoride and 70 ppm of Arsenic water. Hebb William’s Maze and T-Mazes have been used as learning and memory tests. Learning and memory ability declined in Arsenic and Fluoride + Arsenic-treated rats compared to Fluoride and Control rats. The assessment of histomorphological changes in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex by Cresyl violet stain. In the control group, neurons exhibited a clear nucleus and cytoplasm, In Arsenic and Fluoride + Arsenic-treated rats showed irregularly arranged cells and evidence of Karyopyknosis compared to Fluoride and Control rats. The hippocampus and cerebral cortex showed many vacuoles. The pyramidal cells were irregular in shape and had darkly stained nuclei, Granular cells were shrunken and deeply stained in Arsenic and Fluoride + Arsenic-treated rats compared to Fluoride and Control rats. Combined Fluoride and Arsenic exposure for long duration has damaging effects on the brain as resulted in diminished learning and memory ability and histomorphological changes compared to the effect of Fluoride and Control groups.


Keywords: Fluoride, Arsenic, hippocampus, cerebral cortex.

Suresh Tadipi, C. V. Raghuveer, K. V. Venkateshu, P. Kiranmayee
Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences
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