Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is the leading Chinese academic journal that publishes articles in all areas of natural sciences. The Journal is meant to serve as a means of communication and discussion of important issues related to science and scientific activities. The Journal publishes only original articles in English which have international importance. In addition to full-length research articles, the Journal publishes review articles. Papers can be focused on fundamental research leading to new methods, or adaptation of existing methods for new applications.

Articles for the Journal are peer-reviewed by third-party reviewers who are selected from among specialists in the subject matter of peer-reviewed materials.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is a kind of forum for discussing issues and problems facing science and scholars, as well as an effective means of interaction between the members of the academic community. The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is read bya large number of scholars, and the circulation of the journal is constantly growing.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences publishes special issues on various and relevant topics of interest to the scientific community.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is indexed by Web of Science, Scopus, Current Contents, Geobase and Chemical Abstracts.


Articles containing fundamental or applied scientific results in all areas of the natural sciences are accepted for consideration.

The Editorial Board of the Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is composed of 25 members and is chaired by Academician Chen Zhengqing. Editor-in-chief is Prof. Yi Weijian.


Frequency of publication: monthly

ISSN: 1674-2974

Access to all articles on the website is open, does not require registration or payment.

Journal articles are licensed under the CC BY 4.0 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences takes care of maintaining electronic versions of articles. Data safety is ensured by backing up digital data in accordance with internal regulations. Logical and physical data migration is also provided. Cloud technologies are applied.

For further information, please contact:


Address: Lushan Road (S), Yuelu District, Changsha, Hunan Province, Zip Code: 410082 (Editorial Department of Journal)

Paper Submission 



Submission open for Volume 50, Issue 3, March, 2023

Dear Authors,

Please submit your manuscripts through our Online Submission System or directly to the Chief -Editor's e-mail
Deadline:   February 28, 2023.

Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is an international, peer-reviewed open - access journal on all aspects of natural sciences published monthly online.
Manuscripts are peer-reviewed. The first decision is given to authors about 20-30 days after submission; acceptance for publication after revisions is done within seven days.
Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences provides an advanced forum on all aspects of natural sciences. It publishes reviews, research papers, and communications. We aim to encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical results in as much detail as possible. There is no restriction on the length of the papers. The full experimental details must be provided so that everyone can reproduce the results. Electronic files and software regarding the full details of the calculation or experimental procedure can be deposited as supplementary electronic material if unable to be published in a normal way.

The journal covers physics, chemistry, engineering, environmental, earth sciences and biology.

•    Biosciences and Bioengineering;
•    Computer and Information Science;
•    Chemistry;
•    Earth-Aerospace-Marine Science;
•    Electrical and Electronic Engineering;
•    Education;
•    Engineering;
•    Energy;
•    Environmental Sciences;
•    Economy;
•    Finance;
•    Materials Science;
•    Mathematics;
•    Medicine;
•    Neurosciences ;
•    Physics;
•    Pharmaceuticals.

The authors should prepare the articles strictly according to the template. Please check the link

All articles published in are published in full open access. In order to provide free access to readers, and to cover the costs of peer review, copyediting, typesetting, long-term archiving, and journal management, an article processing charge (APC) of EUR 430 applies to papers accepted after peer - review.
Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use our English editing service (EUR 70-100) prior to publication or during author revisions. The articles that native English speakers do not edit are not allowed for publication.
The journal publishes articles in English or Chinese.
Articles published in the Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences will be Open-Access articles distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The copyright is retained by the author(s).
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Last Research Articles

This study aimed to evaluate the Drug usage of 3rd generation cephalosporins and its effectiveness against particular diagnosis. A Prospective cross-sectional study was conducted at 40 Bedded Pediatric wards of Sukkur Blood Bank, Donating Society and Hospital, Sukkur to evaluate the antibiotic usage pattern among all admitted in-patients. Patients’ demographic details were recorded from the Patient Bedside File (PBF). Data were analyzed using an excel sheet and Microsoft SPSS 20. Among all admitted patients, 1710 patients met the inclusion criteria and their PBF were evaluated for antibiotics. A total of 2155 cephalosporins were prescribed. The most commonly prescribed cephalosporins among the study population were Ceftriaxone 51.55% followed by Cefotaxime Sodium (26.50%). Among all, 74.34% pediatric patients were prescribed antibiotics through the parenteral route and 25.66% through the oral route. Antibiotics were being used without having any official national antibiotic policy or institutional protocols, which are currently lacking in the country. The study findings shall assist the health department and hospital management to devise the official guidelines to ensure rational usage of antibiotics. It is therefore recommended that the government should immediately address the irrational and overuse of antibiotics by implementing, national antibiotics policy, antibiotic stewardship programs, and training of healthcare staff. Novelty of this paper consists of collection of large-scale data, also data from diversified population was collected, as this study was conducted in public, private, and also charity-based hospitals.


Keywords: pediatrics, antibiotics, cephalosporins, consumption pattern, culture sensitivity test.

Awais Ahmed Juno, Mirza Tasawer Baig, Amber Noorani, Rabeeya Qutubuddin Siddiqui, Sajjad Ahmed Abbasi, Bilal Mustafa, Kirshan, Altaf Ali Mangi

Malaria caused by Plasmodium parasites is a significant public health issue, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. There is also resistance to chloroquine-based therapy, which highlights the need for novel therapeutic agents. Therefore, our project in exploring antiplasmodial agents from Garcinia Indonesia continues. This study evaluates the phytochemical content of G. bancana by the total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) and its in vitro antioxidant and antiplasmodial activities. The TPC and TFC values were determined using a UV-VIS spectrophotometer, while the antioxidant activity was determined using the DPPH, ABTS, and FRAP assays. Antiplasmodial activity against a chloroquine-sensitive strain 3D7 was evaluated using the Giemsa staining method. The highest TPC value of 195.75 ± 1.24 mg GAE/g was obtained from methanolic extract, while a TFC value of 82.79 ± 0.34 mg QE/g extract was found from dichloromethane extract. The methanolic extract exhibited the most potent antioxidant activity in the DPPH and FRAP assays with IC50 values of 6.07 ± 0.06 μg/ml and 74.35 ± 3.77 μM Fe2+/g, respectively. The n-hexane extract was found to be the most potent on ABTS antioxidant and antiplasmodial assays with IC50 values of 1.22 ± 0.02 μg/ml and 0.23 ± 0.01 μg/ml, respectively. Furthermore, the DPPH antioxidant was negatively correlated with antiplasmodial significantly at 0.05. These findings suggest that the n-hexane extract of G. bancana has great potential as a source of antioxidant and antiplasmodial compounds. To the best of our knowledge, this study provides microscopic evidence in addition to the strongest antiplasmodial efficacy of Garcinia extract.


Keywords: Garcinia bancana, extract, antioxidant activity, antiplasmodial activity.

Rifaldi, Arif Fadlan, Taslim Ersam, Adi Setyo Purnomo, Sri Fatmawati

The study is based on the descriptive experimental method, where the research deals with the creation of a new type of surface insulator and its use as a heat insulator, where the remnants of fabrics and threads are used with paper pulp of different thicknesses to determine the extent of their ability to heat insulation. The two researchers prepared the study samples represented in non-woven with a thickness of 3 cm - 2 cm - 1.5 cm. The research objective lies in highlighting the role of recycling yarns and fabric remnants in reflecting ultraviolet rays, insulating heat, and determining the most appropriate thickness to getting the highest thermal insulation. The results were obtained with a thermal conductivity meter with hot square technology. There is a difference in the value of the thermal conductivity coefficient of the samples according to the thickness used. The higher the thickness of the sample, the lower the coefficient of thermal conductivity, and thus, the higher the thermal insulation value. The results of the thermal conductivity coefficient of the samples under study were, in general, significantly low, which indicates the success of the samples in isolating the surfaces well, as the value was between 0.032 and 0.0178. From here, it is possible to benefit from paper and fabric waste in the material savings resulting from the use of air conditioning devices and high-priced insulators. This is an attempt by the two researchers to save electricity consumption, which increases when air conditioners are used in places with high temperatures for a long time.


Keywords: recycling, leftover fabrics, heat insulator, yarns, textile.

Seham Ali El-Badri Abd El-Azim El Azab, Wafaa Mohamed Ibrahim El-Banna

This research starts from the phenomenon of climate change and increasing land subsidence in the coastal areas. Disasters that often occur due to climate change and subsidence result in the destruction of coastal communities' property, loss of life, agricultural land cannot produce optimally, and tsunamis, tidal floods, and liquefaction are increasingly common. If the incident is not addressed, it will lead to a more severe disaster, and the lives of coastal communities will be threatened. This research aims to assess the condition of coastal ecosystems, both coastal ecosystems, landscapes and seascapes, which are then assessed for the level of usage (economic), conservation (ecology), and the value of local wisdom (social). The method used includes three models: geographic information system (GIS), partial least square (PLS), and total economic value (TEV). GIS is used to assess the presence of landscapes and seascapes. PLS is used to assess public opinion and assessment of the existence of coastal ecosystems. TEV is used to assess the economy. The results of the study show that there are still many Pulo Doro beaches that have not been intervened by anthropogenic processes. The condition of the coastal ecosystem is still intact, although natural processes have begun stressing the coastal area due to the increasing wave height. The results of the PLS show that the community values the landscape as 0.753, the seascape assessment as 0.666, the assessment of the relationship between the landscape and the seascape as 0.841, the assessment of the condition of the Pulo Doro Coastal as 0.693, and efforts to develop a Pulo Doro coastal ecosystem management strategy 0.766. The results of the TEV calculation show that both the landscape and seascape show that the economic value is still not exploited much. The results of this study found a model for managing the coast based on landscape and seascape approaches.


Keywords: seascape, landscape, geographic information system, partial least square, total economic value.

Rudianto, D. Setyohadi, A. Isdianto, K. S. Harahap

This study aims to investigate the most successful educational systems worldwide and the Moroccan educational system to determine the causes constraining the socio-educational development in Morocco. This comparative study relies on a qualitative methodology based on an inductive approach called the empirical-inductive approach, which starts from facts and real and observable data. This scientific method allowed us to identify our subject in terms of the best-performing educational system. The sample includes one or two educational systems from five continents: Africa (Morocco), America (Canada and the United States), Asia (Japan), Europe (France and Finland), and Oceania (Australia) through the comparison of the most common criteria between each country mentioned: the school system (cycles), teacher training, the number of hours a teacher works, teacher salaries and the number of students per class. This study provides a clear picture of the most successful education system that has been able to manage the masses and reveals the secret of its successful educational management policies. It is the Canadian education system that is a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) according to the Program for International Student Assessment with an OECD average of 520 (score above the OECD average of 487), and Morocco is in 75th place about four steps from the last with an OECD average of 359 (score well below the OECD average 487). The above is more than a reason to be inspired by the education system of this leading country in the field, which would lead to better results in terms of structural transformation, inclusive development, and efficient management of Moroccan education networks in the coming days.


Keywords: educational system, educational institution, socio-educational development.

Khaoula Khennou, Bouzekri Touri, Hind Baba, Aziz Kasmi, Hind Bouzoubaa, Bouhaba Abdelmounaim
Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences
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