Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is the leading Chinese academic journal that publishes articles in all areas of natural sciences. The Journal is meant to serve as a means of communication and discussion of important issues related to science and scientific activities. The Journal publishes only original articles in English which have international importance. In addition to full-length research articles, the Journal publishes review articles. Papers can be focused on fundamental research leading to new methods, or adaptation of existing methods for new applications.

Articles for the Journal are peer-reviewed by third-party reviewers who are selected from among specialists in the subject matter of peer-reviewed materials.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is a kind of forum for discussing issues and problems facing science and scholars, as well as an effective means of interaction between the members of the academic community. The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is read bya large number of scholars, and the circulation of the journal is constantly growing.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences publishes special issues on various and relevant topics of interest to the scientific community.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is indexed by Web of Science, Scopus, Current Contents, Geobase and Chemical Abstracts.


Articles containing fundamental or applied scientific results in all areas of the natural sciences are accepted for consideration.

The Editorial Board of the Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is composed of 25 members and is chaired by Academician Chen Zhengqing. Editor-in-chief is Prof. Yi Weijian.


Frequency of publication: monthly

ISSN: 1674-2974

Access to all articles on the website is open, does not require registration or payment.

Journal articles are licensed under the CC BY 4.0 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences takes care of maintaining electronic versions of articles. Data safety is ensured by backing up digital data in accordance with internal regulations. Logical and physical data migration is also provided. Cloud technologies are applied.

For further information, please contact:


Address: Lushan Road (S), Yuelu District, Changsha, Hunan Province, Zip Code: 410082 (Editorial Department of Journal)



Submission open for Volume 51, Issue 3, March, 2024

Dear Authors,

Please submit your manuscripts through our Online Submission System or directly to the Chief -Editor's e-mail
Deadline:  March 20 , 2024.

Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is an international, peer-reviewed open - access journal on all aspects of natural sciences published monthly online.
Manuscripts are peer-reviewed. The first decision is given to authors about 20-30 days after submission; acceptance for publication after revisions is done within seven days.
Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences provides an advanced forum on all aspects of natural sciences. It publishes reviews, research papers, and communications. We aim to encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical results in as much detail as possible. There is no restriction on the length of the papers. The full experimental details must be provided so that everyone can reproduce the results. Electronic files and software regarding the full details of the calculation or experimental procedure can be deposited as supplementary electronic material if unable to be published in a normal way.

The journal covers physics, chemistry, engineering, environmental, earth sciences and biology.

•    Biosciences and Bioengineering;
•    Computer and Information Science;
•    Chemistry;
•    Earth-Aerospace-Marine Science;
•    Electrical and Electronic Engineering;
•    Education;
•    Engineering;
•    Energy;
•    Environmental Sciences;
•    Economy;
•    Finance;
•    Materials Science;
•    Mathematics;
•    Medicine;
•    Neurosciences ;
•    Physics;
•    Pharmaceuticals.

The authors should prepare the articles strictly according to the template. Please check the link

All articles published in are published in full open access. In order to provide free access to readers, and to cover the costs of peer review, copyediting, typesetting, long-term archiving, and journal management, an article processing charge (APC) of EUR 430 applies to papers accepted after peer - review.
Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use our English editing service (EUR 70-100) prior to publication or during author revisions. The articles that native English speakers do not edit are not allowed for publication.
The journal publishes articles in English or Chinese.
Articles published in the Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences will be Open-Access articles distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The copyright is retained by the author(s).
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Last Research Articles

This study arose from academics’ concerns about the difficulties of translating utterances that communicate language politeness. This qualitative study focuses on data obtained from utterances, words, phrases, sentences, and texts divided into two categories: a source of linguistic data and a source of translation data from movie transcript Vampires and the Bronx in English and Indonesian subtitles. The data sources are documents (transcripts of movie dialogs) and informants (3 raters and translation experts). The data comprise linguistic data in the form of utterances, including politeness strategies, and translation data, including techniques, methods, ideologies, shifts, and translation quality. The data were collected on purpose using document analysis and focus group discussion (FGD) methods. The results revealed that the translation of the Vampires vs. the Bronx movie transcript from SL into TL toward utterances observing politeness strategies was envisioned to provide as accurate as possible and easily understandable messages to the film audience in the TL. Positive politeness strategies were most widely used with identity markers in the form of Black English greetings, name calling, the speaker’s inclusive principle in an activity, and giving gifts such as sympathy for lower social classes. In translating the movie script, the translator used common equivalence, implication, variation, pure borrowing, paraphrase, modulation, neutralization, reduction, explicitation, generalization, and compensation techniques. Among the 11 translation techniques, the equivalence technique, communicative translation methods, and free translation methods were dominantly used. In addition to implementing translation techniques and the implications of these techniques for translator inclinations, the translation results in TL appear to include ‘foreignization’ ideology.


Keywords: politeness strategies, translation techniques, Vampires and the Bronx.

Ida Ismiyati, Mangatur Nababan, Riyadi Santosa, Tri Wiratno

Research on online shopping is generally conducted on standard and branded products, rather than on custom and unique artistic products. This research aims to analyze the influence of perceived price, product uniqueness, perceived ease of use, and information quality on the online purchasing intention of microfloriculture souvenirs with perceived risk as a moderating variable. This research is quasi-experimental using an online questionnaire with 170 respondents. The variable measurement uses five Likert scales. To test the causal relationship, structural equational modeling (SEM) with smart PLS was used. Based on the results of the analysis, it was concluded that perceived price, product uniqueness, perceived ease of use, and information quality had a positive effect on online buying intention for microfloriculture souvenir products, but perceived risk did not moderate the relationship between perceived price, and did not moderate the relationship between product uniqueness and online buying intention for microfloriculture products, souvenirs.


Keywords: perceived price, product uniqueness, online purchasing intention, perceived risk, microfloriculture souvenir.

Yanuar E. Restianto, Suliyanto, Lina R. Naufalin, Aldila Krisnaresanti, Nur Chasanah

Urdu is the national language of Pakistan, and Roman Urdu is a writing system representing the Urdu language using the Latin alphabet. The extraction of events from conversations conducted in Roman Urdu is a challenging task. This study aims to recognize multi-word events from text, specifically conversations among users of social networks. The expressed work consists of two phases: data preparation and event detection. In the first phase, four different approaches were investigated to remove useless and stop words in Roman Urdu, providing a comparison of the techniques. In the second phase, two different approaches were used to detect multi-word events in the cleaned text. Among the two, one is based on word clustering and the other is based on word embedding with the help of BiLM (a bidirectional language model). The clustering model efficiently finds events from conversations without complex feature engineering or data training. The second approach uses BiLSTM to obtain word vectors combined with NER (BIO) tagging to sequence the tagged dataset. Datasets for both approaches were prepared separately from the tweets. A comparison shows that word clustering can accommodate new data more efficiently, whereas a deep learning-based approach requires a huge amount of training data. The proposed approach detects the best sequence of two- or three-word events and single-word events in Roman Urdu. Since text-based events can play a significant role in finding the polarity or intensity of a conversation, two well-known techniques have been tested and evaluated.


Keywords: natural language processing, Roman Urdu, useless words, multi-word event extraction, bidirectional language models, event cluster.

Asia Samreen, Hina Shakir, Muhammad Hussain, Muhammad Zuhair Arfeen, Syed Asif Ali

This research, with the primary goal of investigating the effectiveness of a smartphone-based heutagogy, context-based education (HCBE) approach in improving English language acquisition, aimed to compare its efficacy with that of more traditional approaches. The study, conducted at Universitas Borneo Tarakan, employed a quasi-experimental design involving an experimental group receiving HCBE on smartphones and a control group receiving traditional classroom instruction. The participants (n=80), randomly assigned to either group based on specific criteria, were evaluated using pre-tests and post-tests conducted with standardized English language tests to assess speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills. Appropriate statistical techniques, both paired-sample t-tests and independent-sample t-tests, were used for the statistical comparison of the two groups. The novelty of the study lies in the use of the HCBE approach for language learning via smartphones, presenting a unique angle within the field of mobile-assisted language learning (MALL). The findings revealed a significant improvement in the English language skills using HCBE on smartphones, aligning with socio-cultural theory, cognitive load theory, and task-based language teaching principles. These discoveries not only contribute to the knowledge of MALL but also emphasize the importance of integrating learner-centered approaches and mobile devices in language instruction. Future research should explore the generalizability of these findings across different languages and educational contexts while addressing the research limitations. This would not only strengthen the evidence base in this field but also shed light on the broader application and impact of technology in education.


Keywords: heutagogy-centered education, competency-based education, smartphone, English language skills.

Jhoni Eppendi, Nofvia De Vega, Farid Helmi Setyawan

This pioneering study investigates the unique application of project-based learning (PjBL) to enhance creative writing skills under the Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka (MBKM) initiative. It addresses a critical gap in understanding PjBL’s impact on creative writing, student learning outcomes, and teaching methodologies. The novelty of this research lies in its exclusive focus on PjBL within the creative writing realm under MBKM, offering unparalleled insights into the synergy between technology, individualized teaching methodologies, and creative processes. Consequently, it contributes significantly to expanding the knowledge domain of experiential learning. The primary objective is to identify key factors that contribute to the success of PjBL and comprehend its transformative role in academia. To achieve this, a qualitative approach involving technical instruments such as interviews and case studies with university lecturers is employed. The results, gleaned from an in-depth analysis of data from three lecturers, reveal that PjBL considerably bolsters students’ creative expression and problem-solving capabilities, while facilitating educators in devising more flexible, innovative teaching strategies. Finally, this study underscores PjBL’s seminal role in nurturing an interactive learning environment that stimulates independent and creative thinking. It strongly advocates a wider exploration of PjBL applications across diverse disciplines and endorses policy reforms for its effective integration into curricula. The research also highlights the need for evolving PjBL methodologies to stay abreast of technological advancements and shifting educational needs, thereby offering readers a comprehensive understanding of the research work undertaken.


Keywords: project-based learning, creative writing education, educators' experiences, students' learning enhancement.

Nurfajriah Basri, Kisman Salija, Sultan Baa, Anugrah Puspita Ayu Muhammad
Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences
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