Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is the leading Chinese academic journal that publishes articles in all areas of natural sciences. The Journal is meant to serve as a means of communication and discussion of important issues related to science and scientific activities. The Journal publishes only original articles in English which have international importance. In addition to full-length research articles, the Journal publishes review articles. Papers can be focused on fundamental research leading to new methods, or adaptation of existing methods for new applications.

Articles for the Journal are peer-reviewed by third-party reviewers who are selected from among specialists in the subject matter of peer-reviewed materials.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is a kind of forum for discussing issues and problems facing science and scholars, as well as an effective means of interaction between the members of the academic community. The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is read bya large number of scholars, and the circulation of the journal is constantly growing.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences publishes special issues on various and relevant topics of interest to the scientific community.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is indexed by Web of Science, Scopus, Current Contents, Geobase and Chemical Abstracts.


Articles containing fundamental or applied scientific results in all areas of the natural sciences are accepted for consideration.

The Editorial Board of the Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is composed of 25 members and is chaired by Academician Chen Zhengqing. Editor-in-chief is Prof. Yi Weijian.


Frequency of publication: monthly

ISSN: 1674-2974

Access to all articles on the website is open, does not require registration or payment.

Journal articles are licensed under the CC BY 4.0 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

The Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences takes care of maintaining electronic versions of articles. Data safety is ensured by backing up digital data in accordance with internal regulations. Logical and physical data migration is also provided. Cloud technologies are applied.

For further information, please contact:


Address: Lushan Road (S), Yuelu District, Changsha, Hunan Province, Zip Code: 410082 (Editorial Department of Journal)



Submission open for Volume 50, Issue 4, April, 2023

Dear Authors,

Please submit your manuscripts through our Online Submission System or directly to the Chief -Editor's e-mail
Deadline:   April 10, 2023.

Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences is an international, peer-reviewed open - access journal on all aspects of natural sciences published monthly online.
Manuscripts are peer-reviewed. The first decision is given to authors about 20-30 days after submission; acceptance for publication after revisions is done within seven days.
Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences provides an advanced forum on all aspects of natural sciences. It publishes reviews, research papers, and communications. We aim to encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical results in as much detail as possible. There is no restriction on the length of the papers. The full experimental details must be provided so that everyone can reproduce the results. Electronic files and software regarding the full details of the calculation or experimental procedure can be deposited as supplementary electronic material if unable to be published in a normal way.

The journal covers physics, chemistry, engineering, environmental, earth sciences and biology.

•    Biosciences and Bioengineering;
•    Computer and Information Science;
•    Chemistry;
•    Earth-Aerospace-Marine Science;
•    Electrical and Electronic Engineering;
•    Education;
•    Engineering;
•    Energy;
•    Environmental Sciences;
•    Economy;
•    Finance;
•    Materials Science;
•    Mathematics;
•    Medicine;
•    Neurosciences ;
•    Physics;
•    Pharmaceuticals.

The authors should prepare the articles strictly according to the template. Please check the link

All articles published in are published in full open access. In order to provide free access to readers, and to cover the costs of peer review, copyediting, typesetting, long-term archiving, and journal management, an article processing charge (APC) of EUR 430 applies to papers accepted after peer - review.
Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use our English editing service (EUR 70-100) prior to publication or during author revisions. The articles that native English speakers do not edit are not allowed for publication.
The journal publishes articles in English or Chinese.
Articles published in the Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences will be Open-Access articles distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The copyright is retained by the author(s).
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Last Research Articles

Diagnosis with Chest X-Rays and other forms of medical images has soared to new heights as an alternative Covid-19, pneumonia, TB infection detector. Radiographic images, primarily X-Rays images play massive roles in assisting radiologists to detect and analyses severe medical conditions. Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) systems are used successfully to detect diseases such as tuberculosis, pneumonia, covid-19 and other common diseases from chest X-ray images. The main objective of this study is to develop a model capable of detecting multiple diseases from chest X-rays, with the aim of assisting radiologists and other healthcare providers in making more informed and timely diagnoses. The proposed framework includes four main steps to identify various clinical states such as analysis of the chest X-Ray image dataset and dataset preprocessing, feature extraction, classification with machine and deep learning classifiers and building an ensemble method that can aid in the diagnosis of various diseases using image processing and artificial intelligence algorithms to quickly and accurately identify COVID-19, pneumonia, TB and other diseases from X-Rays to stop the rapid transmission of the virus. The authors obtained a training accuracy of 98% to 100% across all models.


Keywords: convolutional neural network, VGG16, machine learning, deep learning.

Mir Mohammad Azad, Fahima Hossain, Zakir Hossain, Md Solaiman Hosen, Azadia Easmin Badhan, Sabina Yesmin

As part of the studies conducted to investigate the career development of high school students. In this study, the researchers are interested in investigating the field of study aspired by students' higher school and associated contextual factors. Finding may be useful to design programs appropriate to help students in their vocational development. Participants were randomly selected from students' high school following their study in Azilal city Morocco. 75 students responded to the questionnaire, our sample consists of 24 men and 51 females with an average age of 17.91±1.09. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tests by SPSS 26.00 software. The results show the post-secondary education courses preferred by students and a significant rate of undecided. Results show that educational aspirations are formed based on students' interests and academic performance, and regional and international labor market conditions are also considered. The finding provides sociological information on the context of the shaping of educational aspirations in higher school.


Keywords: higher school, contextual factors, educational aspiration, field of study.

Najia Amini, Youssef Sefri, Abdelhak Chakli, Abderrahim Aassoul, Fadwa Mahiri, Mohamed Radid

The administration at the municipal level and its management are the first governmental instance that receives and attends to the needs of the citizens, so it provides elements that should allow people to have a better quality of life, the present research establishes the objective of determining if the management elements evaluated in the municipalities and selects those that can present an alignment with the development of the population based on the Human Development Index results, present a positive relationship, for which a concurrent mixed methodology is used, which involves quantitative information obtained from statistics of official sources, and is analyzed with Spearman's rho statistic using the SPSS statistical program and, complementarily, the qualitative aspects are approached based on semi-structured interviews with management personnel of municipal administrations, researchers and academics from institutions of higher education, as well as state level officials with activities in municipal aspects. The main findings indicate that although there are correlations with average levels between economic development and income and health indexes, they are not notable in the well-being and improvement of citizens' conditions. The contributions of the interviews show that although the processes related to municipal planning, the alignment of public policies and the establishment of mechanisms for citizen participation have improved, the municipalities present challenges in terms of improving the well-being of the population.


Keywords: municipal management, human development, evaluation.

Héctor Eduardo Mendoza Espinoza, Rosa María Muñoz Rivera, Yolanda Marysol Escorza Sánchez, Gisela Yamin Gómez Mohedano

Radicalism is often associated with violent ideas and is considered to be a breeding ground for terrorism. This is because radicalism is an attitude that seeks a complete overhaul of established values and norms and often resorts to violence to achieve its goals. Meanwhile, some view counter-radicalism efforts as an authoritarian approach by the government and contrary to international human rights. The government is not targeting critical ideas but rather those inciting hatred, hostility and violence, leading to terror. In Indonesia, countering radicalism cannot rely solely on repressive measures, but preventive strategies should be implemented by identifying its perpetrators. This includes addressing radicalism in cyberspace, such as social media, where hate speech and incitement are often spread. Therefore, it is essential to have a rigorous assessment process to identify and evaluate potentially radical actions. This process measures the level of exposure to radicalism among those propagating radical content on social media, which determines whether they will attend a deradicalization Islamic boarding school or face the criminal justice system. In conclusion, this study ensures that measurable action is taken against the spread of radicalism on social media.


Keywords: assessment, radicalism, concept of countering, social media, Indonesia.

Wahyu Hadingrat, Sigid Suseno, Elisatris Gultom, Dadang Rahmat Hidayat

The viable system model (VSM) is a conceptual framework for analyzing and designing complex organizations, which was developed by Stafford Beer in the 1970s. It is based on the idea that every organization is a system composed of a set of interconnected subsystems that must work together effectively to achieve its goals. One of the key scientific novelties of using the VSM in technological issues is its emphasis on adaptability and resilience. The VSM recognizes that organizations must be able to adapt to changing environments and circumstances in order to survive and thrive, and that this requires a flexible and responsive organizational structure that is capable of learning and adapting over time. By using the VSM to design and manage their technological systems, organizations can create more adaptive and resilient systems that are better able to respond to changing technological and market conditions. The current dynamics of the market push companies to look for ways to improve their competitive position by relying on instruments that facilitate the effective acquisition, processing, and analysis of large amounts of data from different and dispersed sources; in response to this need, various tools for research and information processing have emerged. One of them is the technological observatories that appeared in the nineties. They are considered tools that assist in the design of strategies, the decision-making of companies, and the development of public policies. The following research aims to characterize a technological observatory for MSMEs in Mexico based on the model of viable systems (VSM); its intelligence area is validated through a prospective model for the next five years using the I Think 8.0 software. The methodological strategy is based on the mixed sequential explanatory method; in the first instance, a quantitative analysis is carried out on the structure, processes, human resources, and innovation of twenty technological observatories of the business sector that operate worldwide, after which a qualitative analysis was elaborated established in thematic axes on the opinion of experts in areas of public policy,  technologies, knowledge transfer, education, both contributions supported to generate an overview of the current state of technological observatories in Mexico and worldwide, then obtain the necessary inputs to develop the proposed model. As a result, an observatory model was obtained for MSMEs with good profitability and permanence over time, thanks to their anticipated strategies based on the perspective regarding their management.


Keywords: MSMEs, observatory, foresight, viable systems, competitiveness.

Jesus Antonio Alvarez-Cedillo, Mario Aguilar-Fernandez, Maria Teresa Sarabia-Alonso, Teodoro Alvarez-Sanchez
Journal of Hunan University Natural Sciences
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