Primary Students’ Perceptions toward the Effectiveness of Online Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Nana Diana, Suhendra Suhendra, Yohannes Yohannes, Yovika Sukma


The continuous spreading of COVID-19 encourages school activities through online learning. This study aimed to determine primary students' perceptions of implementing online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic spreading in early 2020, particularly in Indonesia. Most of the previous research focused on teachers' perceptions, while students, as the most affected subject during online learning, were required to determine their perceptions of online learning effectiveness. Thus, the main goal of this study is to explore students' perceptions toward online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study applied exploratory methods and gathered information using online questionnaires. The questions in the questionnaire were developed based on the general learning effectiveness indicators and adjustments to be done during the online learning. The data collected using the questionnaire were analyzed qualitatively. Ten respondent students of primary schools were involved in this study. The primary school is located in Banda Aceh, the capital city of Aceh Province, Indonesia. According to students’ perception, three indicators of effective online learning have been implemented, including the teachers’ responsibility in preparing the teaching-learning process, the involvement of parents in guiding students, and students’ enthusiasm in submitting their assignments. Meanwhile, the other three indicators of effective online learning need to be more upgraded, including student awareness to learn independently before having an online class with their teacher, interaction among students during the learning process, and the availability of teachers' feedback during online learning. During the early implementation of online learning, primary students experienced several constraints, such as not being familiar with using technological tools, lack of enthusiasm, the difficulty of the material taught, unstable internet connection, inappropriate learning platform, and limited time for learning. Further exploration is needed to review the latest primary students' perception of online learning, particularly Banda Aceh City.


Keywords: COVID-19, effectiveness, online learning, students’ perception.

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