Restorative Justice and Its Connection with the Tolerance of the Islamic Religion in Saudi Arabia
This paper investigates the concept of restorative justice in connection with tolerance in the Islamic religion. Justice in Islam rhetoric is theological, ethical, political, social, or legal. The emphasis is on legal justice and its reference to Islam’s criminal justice, one of the most misunderstood systems due to its tenets' shallow interpretation. The absolute nature of Shariah laws has led to the belief that Islamic Law is incompatible with aspects of restorative justice and its emphasis on the healing of the victims, integration of the offender in the community, and his and the victim’s reconciliation. The study aims to show that despite the inefficiencies in Saudi Arabia’s legal mechanisms governing fair trials, there are certain areas where the system excels. A qualitative method was employed, and 15 legal practitioners participated. Analysis of deep introspection of the legal tenets of Shariah laws shows tolerance to other beliefs, thoughts, practices and that Islam as a religion is compatible with any other perception of justice. The study's novelty is that despite the success experienced by Saudi's legal mechanisms governing fair trials, criminal suspects are still vulnerable. The implication of this would be significant for policymakers and judicial practitioners in the KSA.
Keywords: tolerance, Shariah laws, restorative justice, Islam, society.
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