Influence of Physical Fitness on Job Burnout and Mental Health among Female Physical Education Teachers

Mahsa Amirhosseini, Omid Soleimani Ghaleh, Faeze Heydari, Mohammad Hami, Behnoush Shahriari


The present study aimed to investigate the relationship of physical fitness with job burnout and mental health among female physical education teachers in Gorgan, Iran. The study data were collected via a questionnaire survey. The study population included all female physical education teachers in Gorgan; 82 participants were selected via simple random sampling. The data obtained from the questionnaires were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics; calculations were done using SPSS 16 software and Lisrel 8.8. The study hypotheses were evaluated using structural equation modeling. The results supported the research hypotheses and indicate that physical fitness has a significant negative relationship with mental health and job burnout. We also found a significant positive relationship between mental health and job burnout. The data analysis also indicates that mental health mediates the relationship between physical fitness and job burnout.

Keywords: physical fitness, job burnout, mental health, physical education teacher.


Full Text:



ELAHI T., FATHI ASHTIANI A., and BIGDELI E. The Relationship between Physical Fitness and Mental Health of the Employees of a Medical Sciences University. Journal of Military Medicine, 2012, 14(3): 192-199.

WARNER T.H. The effects of job satisfaction and organizational commitment on intent to leave among nurse anesthetists: A comparative study. PhD. thesis. Walden University, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 2001.

STRAUB O.S. Health Psychology. Worth Publisher, New York, 2002.

TEJARI F., SHEIKHALIZADEH M., AZERBAIJANI M.A., and REZAEI MANESH A. Assessment of physical fitness and feeling for the environment: A case study of male staff of post office. Sport and Life Sciences, 2010, 3: 72-79.

BAGERI-YAZDI S.A., BOLHARI J., and PEIRAVI H. The study of mental health status in students entering education years 1994-95 (Persian). Thought and Behavior, 1995, 4: 30-39.

FEDAI, M., & DEMIR, Y. The impacts of structural and psychological empowerment on burnout: a research on staff nurses in Turkish state hospitals. Canadian Social Science, 2010, 6(4): 63-72.

TABARSA G., ZIARAT Y., MOHAMMAD R.H., and TAHERI A. Study of the relationship between organizational structure and job burnout among staff of Shahid Beheshti University. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Consulting, 2011, 9: 88-103.

MASLACH C. Burnout: A social psychological analysis. In: JONES J.W. (ed.) The Burnout Syndrome. London House Management Press, Park Ridge, Illinois, 1981: 30-53.

NGO H.-Y. Research on Life Satisfaction of Elderly. Current Status and Future Directions. Hong Kong Journal of Social Sciences, 2018, 52: 99-128.

AMIRI M., KHOSRAVI A., EGHTESADI A. R., SADEGHI Z., ABEDI G., RANJBAR M., and MEHRABIAN F. Burnout and its influencing factors among primary health care providers in the north east of Iran. PLoS ONE, 2016, 11(12): e0167648.

FARAHANY F., HEKMATPOUR M., and MOGHADDAM S. The women’s occupation effect on their sexual satisfaction in their family. Journal of Cultural Management, 2016, 9(30): 111–122.

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION. Mental Health Atlas 2005. World Health Organization, Geneva, 2005.

WEIR B., CUNNINGHAM M., ABRAHAM L., & ALLANSON-ODDY C. Military veteran engagement with mental health and well-being services: A qualitative study of the role of the peer support worker. Journal of Mental Health, 2019, 28(6): 647-653.

GOLDBERG R., BOSS R. W., CHAN L., GOLDBERG J., MALLON W. K., MORADZADEH D., GOODMAN E. A., and MCCONKIE M. L. Burnout and its correlates in emergency physicians: four years' experience with a wellness booth. Academic Emergency Medicine, 1996, 3(12): 1156-1164.


  • There are currently no refbacks.