Criminal Liability for Economic Criminal Actions Conducted by a Corporation in the Era of Globalization
During the era of globalization, corporations provide an impactful role for human kinds worldwide, especially in increasing the national economy. At the same time, corporations have given birth to Transnational Organized Crime (TOC) in economics. Thus, a legal instrument is required against corporations, concerning legal liability and legal sanctions, among others. The research method used in this study is juridical normative, namely research oriented to literature survey. Data sourced from statutory regulations, literature books containing legal principles, and doctrines relating to the problem. The results showed that the criminal law doctrine recognizes four forms of criminal responsibility: direct liability, vicarious liability, strict liability, and company culture doctrine. Meanwhile, criminal sanctions against corporations are fines and, if necessary, are supplemented with additional penalties on the condition that they must pay attention to the continuity of the corporation’s existence and the employees’ interests if the corporation falls bankrupt due to criminal sanctions.
Keywords: corporations, transnational organized crime, criminal liability, criminal sanctions, globalization.
NYOMAN S. Course Materials on the Criminal Justice System, UNDIP Master of Law Program, Semarang, 2010.
ATMASASMITA R. Introduction to Business Crime Law. Jakarta: Prenada Media, 2003.
KWIK, K.G. Indonesian Political Economy Analysis, Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Uama, 1995.
MULADI. Democratization, Human Matters, and Law Reform in Indonesia. Jakarta: The Habibi Center, 2002.
MULADI. Victimization Bandung: Rampai Flowers, Eresco, 1995.
SUSANTO I.S. Corporate Crime. Semarang UNDIP Publishing Agency, 1995.
TORUAN, H.D. Pertanggungjawaban pidana korupsi korporasi. [Criminal responsibility for corporate corruption]. Journal of Rechtvinding, 2014, 3(3): 397-416. http://dx.doi.org/10.33331/rechtsvinding.v3i3.33
MULADI and PRIYATNO D. Corporate Accountability in Criminal Law. STBH, Bandung, 1991.
SJAHDAENI R.S. Corporate Criminal Accountability. Jakarta: Gravity Press, 2006.
RAHARDJO S. Legal Studies. Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti, 2000.
LOQMAN L. Kapita Selekta Tindak Pidana Di bidang Perekonomian. Jakarta: Datacom, 2002.
SETIYONO H. Corporate Crime, Victimology Analysis and Corporate Accountability in Criminal Law. Second Edition, Malang: Banyumedia Publishing, 2003.
HATRIK H. Principles of Corporate Liability in Indonesian Criminal Law (strict liability and vicarious liability). Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 1995.
AMRULLAH A. Corporate Crime (The Hunt for Mega Profits and The Attack on Democracy). Malang: Banyumedia Publishing, 2006.
ARIEF B.N. Comparative Criminal Law, Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 2002.
MULADI and PRAYITNO D. Corporate Criminal Liability. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2012.
SALEH R. About Crime and Criminal Accountability, Jakarta: BPHN, 1984.
SCHAFFMEISTER D. Strict Liability Doctrine. Proceedings of the 1st National Criminal Law Upgrading, 6-28 August 1987, Indonesian-Dutch Legal Cooperation at the Faculty of Law UNDIP, Semarang.
DIX G.E. Gilbert Law Summaries Criminal Law. 17th Edition, BarBri Group, 2001.
ARIEF B.N. Kapita Selekta on Criminal Law. Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti, 2013.
ARIEF B.N. Kapita Selekta on Criminal Law, Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti, 2003.
MULADI and ARIEF B.N. Interest in Criminal Law. Bandung: Alumni, 1992.
HEATON R. Criminal Law Textbook. London: Oxford University Press, 2006.
ATMASASMITA R. Comparative Criminal Law. Bandung: Mandar Maju, 1996.
ARIEF B.N. Interest of Criminal Law Policy. 2nd Edition, Revised. Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti, 2002.
TAFT D.R. Criminology. 3rd Edition, New York: The Macmillan Company, 1961.
Workshop on Corporate Crime Handling Procedures organized by the Corruption Eradication Commission in Malang on 13-14 June 2017.
- There are currently no refbacks.