Sensitivity and Dynamic of Sardinella Lemuru in Bali Strait Indonesia
The study of the oceanographic parameters related to the fish habitat is important in predicting the fishing season dynamics for sustainable fisheries management. The characterization of Sardinella lemuru was analyzed to study the sensitivity and dynamic of S. lemuru to the oceanographic factors in the Bali Strait, Indonesia. The study aims to analyze the sensitivity and fishing season dynamic of S. lemuru to the oceanographic factors, ENSO, and IOD in the Bali Strait, Indonesia. Dataset was obtained from the MODIS Aqua/Terra satellite images for 2000-2020, S. lemuru catch from the fishing logbook, and fishing ground point data. They were analyzed using the GAM approach for the habitat suitability model prediction of S. lemuru. The study described that the Fishing Season Index (FSI) was increased and followed by the decrease of SST (the highest value of SST was in December, and the lowest was in September). The increase of SSC was influenced by the El-Nino phenomena and followed by the increasing number of FSI. The SST and SSC have an inverse pattern. The upwelling phenomenon causes a decrease in SST and high nutrient content in the water surface. GAM analysis illustrated three alternative models for the habitat prediction with oceanographic parameters as predictors, in which the combinations of SST and SSC in the model described the best model. Habitat suitability prediction of S. Lemuru generated from the spatial data overlay process based on the GAM analysis value was described monthly potential fishing ground of S. lemuru. The potential fishing ground described that during the end of the transition season-2 to the west season indicated as suitable habitat mostly in the study area. This study made important contributions for sustainable lemuru fish management in the Bali Strait, especially in support of the regulation of fishing activities based on seasons or based on catch quotas and fishing ground.
Keywords: Sardinella lemuru, oceanographic parameters, habitat mapping, fishing ground.
HENDIARTI N., SIEGEL H., and OHDE T. Investigation of different coastal processes in Indonesian waters using SeaWiFS data. Deep-Sea Research, 2004, 2(51): 85–97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2003.10.003
SUSANTO R. D., & MARRA J. Chlorophyll-a Variability Along the Southern Coasts of Java and Sumatra. Oceanography, 2005, 18(4): 124-127.
SUSANTO R. D., MOORE T. S., and MARRA J. Ocean color variability in the Indonesian seas during the SeaWiFS era. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 2006, 7(5): Q05021. https://doi.org/10.1029/2005GC001009
TOMCZAK M., & GODFREY S. Chapter 6 - Antarctic oceanography. In: TOMCZAK M., & GODFREY J. S. Regional Oceanography: An Introduction. Elsevier, Pergamon, 1994: 67-87. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-041021-0.50010-2
LONGHURST A. Ecological Geography of the Sea. 2nd ed. Academic Press, Amsterdam, 2007.
NINGSIH N. S., RAKHMAPUTERI N., and HARTO A. B. Upwelling Variability along the Southern Coast of Bali and in Nusa Tenggara Waters. Ocean Science Journal, 2013, 48: 49-57. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12601-013-0004-3
MERTA I. G. S., WIDANA K., YUNIZAL, et al. Status of the lemuru fishery in Bali Strait Its development and prospects. Fish code management FAO/Norway programme of assistance to developing countries for the implementation of the code of conduct for responsible fisheries. Sub-programme f: provision of scientific advice to fisheries management. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, 2000.
SARTIMBUL A., NAKATA H., ROHADI E., YUSUF B., and KADARISMAN H. P. Variations in chlorophyll–a concentration and the impact on Sardinella Lemuru catches in Bali Strait, Indonesia. Progress in Oceanography, 2010, 87: 168-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2010.09.002
SUSILO E. Variability of environmental factors on lemuru fish habitats in the Bali Strait using oceanographic satellite data and in situ measurement. Omni-Akuatika, 2015, 14(20): 13–22.
SUNIADA K. I., & SUSILO E. The relationship between oceanographic conditions and pelagic fisheries in the waters of the Bali Strait. Journal of Indonesian Fisheries Research, 2017, 23(4): 275-286.
GHAZALI I., & MANAN A. Prediction of fishing area in the Bali Strait based on satellite imagery data. Marine Journal, 4(2): 119-125.
KUNARSO, HADI S., NINGSIH N. S., and BASKORO M. Variability of temperature and chlorophyll-a in upwelling areas in ENSO and IOD incidents in southern waters of Java to Timor. Indonesian Journal of Marine Science, 2012, 16(3): 171-180. https://doi.org/10.14710/ik.ijms.16.3.171-180
PRIYONO B., YUNANTO A., and ARIEF T. Oceanographic characteristics in relation to the fertility of waters in the Bali Strait. Institute for Marine Research and Observation, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Jakarta, 2007.
MEGAWATI C., YUSUF M., and MASLUKAH L. The distribution of water quality in terms of nutrients, dissolved oxygen and pH in the southern waters of the Bali Strait. Journal of Oceanography, 2014, 3(2): 142-150.
TRIJAYANTO D. P., & SUKOJO B. M. Analysis of chlorophyll value using MODIS, VIIRS, and in situ data (A case study: Madura Strait). GEOID: Journal of Geodesy and Geomatics, 2015, 11(1): 34-39. https://dx.doi.org/10.12962/j24423998.v11i1.1093
WIJAYA A., ZAKIYAH U., SAMBAH A. B., et al. The fishing season pattern for Sardinella lemuru in the Bali Strait. In: RADIARTA S. F. (ed.) Marine and Coastal Resources of Bali Strait Waters. Media Sains Nasional, Bogor, 2020: 67-77.
RAHADIAN L. D., KHAN A. M. A., DEWANTI L. P., et al. Analysis of the distribution of sea surface temperature in the west and east monsoons on the production of lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) caught in the waters of the Bali Strait. Fisheries and Marine Journal, 2019, 10(2): 28–34.
SUKRESNO B., JATISWORO D., and ISLAMY F. Oceanographic conditions of the Bali Strait waters. In: RADIARTA S. F. (ed.) Marine and Coastal Resources of Bali Strait Waters. Media Sains Nasional, Bogor, 2020: 27-37.
GAOL J. L., WUDIANTO, PASARIBU B. P., MANURUNG D., and ENDRIANI R. The fluctuation of chlorophyll-a concentration derived from satellite imagery and catch of oily sardine (Sardinella lemuru) in Bali Strait. Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences, 2014, 1(1): 24–30. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273441916_THE_FLUCTUATION_OF_CHLOROPHYLL-A_CONCENTRATION_DERIVED_FROM_SATELLITE_IMAGERY_AND_CATCH_OF_OILY_SARDINE_SARDINELLA_LEMURU_IN_BALI_STRAIT
SOEBEKTI S. A., DWI S., and SATRIADI A. Mapping of sea surface temperature and chlorophyll-a distribution to determine potential fishing ground using Aqua Modis satellite imagery data in the eastern monsoon in the Bali Strait. Journal of Oceanography, 2014, 3(2): 200-209.
SIHOMBING R. F., & ARYAWATI R. The chlorophyll-a content of phytoplankton in the waters of Sungsang Village, Banyuasin Regency, South Sumatra Province. Maspari Journal, 2013, 5: 34–39.
HOU X. Y., DONG Q., XUE C. J., and WU S. Seasonal and interannual variability of chlorophyll-a and associated physical synchronous variability in the western tropical Pacific. Journal of Marine Systems, 2016, 158: 59-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.01.008
INDRA H., SETIAWAN A., and PUSPARINI N. The distribution pattern of chlorophyll-a concentration in the Maluku Sea based on in situ observation from INDESO joint expedition program 2016 and remote sensing data. Jurnal Segara, 2017, 13(3): 149–157.
SAFITRI W. R. Pearson correlation analysis in determining the relationship between the incidence of dengue hemorrhagic fever and population density in the city of Surabaya in 2012-2014. Journal of Public Health Sciences, Airlangga University, 2016, 9: 23.
KEMILI P., & PUTRI M. R. Effect of duration and intensity of upwelling based on sea surface temperature anomalies on primary productivity variability in Indonesian waters. Journal of Tropical Marine Science and Technology, 2012, 4(1): 66-79.
SOFAN P., SUWARSONO, FEBRIANTI N., et al. Be aware of the phenomenon of extreme El Nino climate and southern oscillation (ENSO) during the 2014 dry season in Indonesia based on remote sensing satellite data. Aktualita, 2014, 9(2): 19-25.
SIMBOLON D., WIRYAWAN B., WAHYUNINGRUM P., et al. Utilization rate and lemuru fishing season patterns in the waters of the Bali Strait. PSP Bulletin, 2011, 19: 242654.
MURASE H., ICHIHARA M., YASUMA H., WATANABE H., YONEZAKI S., NAGASHIMA H., KAWAHARA S., and MIYASHITA M. Acoustic characterization of biological back-scatterings in the kuroshio-oyashio inter-frontal zone and subarctic waters of the Western North Pacific in spring. Fisheries Oceanography, 2009, 18: 386−401. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2419.2009.00519.x
PUTRA E., GAOL J. L., and SIREGAR V. P. Relationship chlorophyll-a concentration and sea surface temperature with primary pelagic fish catches in Java Sea from Modis satellite images. Biology Journal of Sumatera, 2012, 3: 1–10.
CARPENTER K. E., & NIEM V. H. FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes. Part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 1999. http://www.fao.org/3/x2401e/x2401e00.htm
INDRAWATI A. T. Study of the relationship of sea surface temperature measured by satellite to the catch of lemuru (Sardinella lemuru Bleeker 1853) in the Bali Strait. Dissertation. Bogor Agricultural Institute, Bogor, 2000.
RIDHA U., HARTOKO A., and MUSKANONFOLA M. R. Analysis of the distribution of lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) catches based on satellite data on sea surface temperature and chlorophyll-a in the waters of the Bali Strait. Management of Aquatic Resources Journal, 2013, 2: 53-60.
MUGO R., SAITOH S.-I., NIHIRA A., and KUROYAMA T. Habitat characteristics of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus Pelamis) in the western North Pacific: a remote sensing perspective. Fisheries Oceanography, 2010, 19: 382–396.
RUEDA-ROA D., MENDOZA J., MULLER-KARGER F., CÁRDENAS J. J., ACHURY A., and ASTOR Y. Spatial variability of Spanish sardine (Sardinella aurita) abundance as related to the upwelling cycle off the southeastern Caribbean Sea. PLoS ONE, 2017, 12(6): e0179984. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0179984
ZAGAGLIA C. R., LORENZZETTI J. A., and STECH J. L. Remote sensing data and longline catches of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) in the equatorial Atlantic. Remote Sensing of Environment, 2004, 93(1-2): 267–281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2004.07.015
SETIAWATI M. D., BAKAR A. B., MIURA F., TANAKA T., and AS-SYAKUR A. Characterization of Bigeye Tuna Habitat in the Southern Waters off Java-Bali Using Remote Sensing Data. Advances in Space Research, 2015, 57: 732-746. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2014.10.007
- There are currently no refbacks.