The Role of Sociology in Development Primary School Education in Indonesia

Reza Syehma Bahtiar, E. Kus Eddy Sartono


The world is thriving thanks to technological advances. However, these advances have negative consequences that humans must face. One such consequence is the decrease in social interaction between people, including the very young. This article reveals the importance of sociology in the world of primary school education. The decreasing of social interaction in young children is attributed to rapid technological advances that have reduced the social interaction of primary school students. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of sociology in the development of primary school education in Indonesia. The article uses a literature study to obtain the essence of relevant scientific concepts. Data was collected from various sources, including articles, books, and studies. The scope of the study is the nation of Indonesia. The study reveals that sociology has a significant role in the world of primary school education. Social interaction needs to be instilled in children early in their lives, especially during primary school. Thus, sociology can aid the development of the science of primary school education.



Keywords: sociology, education, primary school.

Full Text:



SHAHROOM A. A., & HUSSIN N. Industrial Revolution 4.0 and Education. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 2018, 8(9): 314-319.

COMBLAIN A., & SCHMETZ C. Improving Theory of Mind Skills in Down Syndrome? A Pilot Study. Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology, 2020, 19(1): 20-31.

VAN NIEKERK R. The development of scientific reasoning of preschool children: Micro-analysis of mind–material–body integration. South African Journal of Childhood Education, 2019, 9(1): a574.

ROSE C. The Embodied Teen: A Somatic Curriculum for Teaching Body–Mind Awareness, Kinesthetic Intelligence, and Social and Emotional Skills. Journal of Dance Education, 2019, 19(3): 136-137.

HUGHES C., ALDERCOTTE A., and FOLEY S. Maternal Mind-Mindedness Provides a Buffer for Pre-Adolescents at Risk for Disruptive Behavior. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2017, 45(2): 225-235.

COUPER C., REUBER A. R., and PRASHANTHAM S. Lost that lovin’ feeling: The erosion of trust between small, high-distance partners. Journal of International Business Studies, 2020, 51(3): 326–352.

TAMIR M., SCHWARTZ S. H., OISHI S., and KIM M. Y. The secret to happiness: Feeling good or feeling right? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2017, 146(10): 1448 –1459.

KÜHN S., BRASS M., and HAGGARD P. Feeling in control: Neural correlates of experience of agency. Cortex, 2013, 49(7): 1935-1942.

SACKS K. S. Auguste Comte and consensus formation in American religious thought—part 2: Twilight of new England Comtism. Religions, 2017, 8(8): 151.

PICKERING M. Comte, Auguste (1798-1857). In: WRIGHT J. (ed.) International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier, 2015.

GORDON G. Social behaviour as an emergent property of embodied curiosity: A robotics perspective. Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences, 2019, 374(1771): 20180029.

MILLER M. R., JUN H., HERRERA F., VILLA J. Y., WELCH G., and BAILENSON J. N. Social interaction in augmented reality. PLoS One, 2019, 14(5): e0216290.

SCHMÄLZLE R., O’DONNELL M. B., GARCIA J. O., CASCIO C. N., BAYER J., BASSETT D. S., VETTEL J. M., and FALK E. B. Brain connectivity dynamics during social interaction reflect social network structure. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2017, 114(20): 5153-5158.

VAN WEE B., & BANISTER D. How to Write a Literature Review Paper? Transport Reviews, 2016, 36(2): 278-288.

WINCHESTER C. L., & SALJI M. Writing a literature review. Journal of Clinical Urology, 2016, 9(5): 308–312.

SUSANTO A. et al. Biographies of Classical Sociology to Postmodern Figures. IAIN Parepare Nusantara Press, Pare-Pare, 2020.

AKHIRUDDIN, & ROSNATANG. Sociology Learning Strategy. Penerbit Rizky Artha Mulia, Makassar, 2018.

CHALARI A. The Sociology of the Individual: Relating Self and Society. SAGE Publications Ltd, London, 2020.

ALVES M. G., TORRES L. L., and DIONÍSIO B. The sociology of education in Portugal: Towards a renewed critical space. Italian Journal of Sociology of Education, 2019, 11(3): 40-61.

MEHTA J. and DAVIES S. We Must Reinvigorate the Sociology of Education. Contexts, 2018, 17(2): 80.

SARAGATSI S., CHRISTODOULOU A., KYRIDIS A., FOTOPOULOS N., and BAMBAKIDOU I. Sociology School Textbook for 3rd Grade-High School, Semiotic Analysis of Illustration. Journal of Sociological Research, 2017, 8(2): 32-60.

SERPA S. A Reflection on Sociology of Education. International Journal of Social Science Studies, 2018, 6(3): 33-39.

SERPA S. and SÁ M. J. Exploring sociology of education in the promotion of sustainability literacy in higher education. The Journal of Social Sciences Research, 2019, 5(1): 101-116.

RESNIK J. Sociology of international education - an emerging field of research. International Studies in Sociology of Education, 2012, 22(4): 291-310.

EY L.-A., TADDEO C., and SPEARS B. Cyberbullying and Primary-School Aged Children: The Psychological Literature and the Challenge for Sociology. Societies, 2015, 5(2): 492-514.

BECKMAN K., APPS T., BENNETT S., and LOCKYER L. Conceptualising technology practice in education using Bourdieu’s sociology. Learning, Media and Technology, 2018, 43(2): 197-210.

SRIPRAKASH A. The contributions of Bernstein’s sociology to education development research. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 2011, 32(4): 521-539.


  • There are currently no refbacks.