The Potential of Lantana Camara Linn. as a Source of Quercetin, Gallic Acid, and Tannic Acid

Edy Parwanto, David Tjahyadi, Husnun Amalia, Hosea Jaya Edy, Ashaolu Victoria Oladimeji, Joey Joshua Vidova Tjahyadi, Laurentia Gabrielle


L. camara Linn. is an invasive and dangerous plant that contains active substances beneficial to health. Active substances contained in the leaves of L. camara Linn. include flavonoids, gallic acid, and tannic acid. The purpose of this study was to explore the content of quercetin, gallic acid, and tannic acid in L. camara Linn leaf extract. The methods of this study include leaf extract of L. camara Linn. were tested organoleptic, pH, quercetin equivalent flavonoid (QEF), gallic acid equivalent phenolic (GAEP), and tannic acid equivalent tannin (TAET). Measurement of quercetin equivalent flavonoid (QEF), gallic acid equivalent phenolic (GAEP), and tannic acid equivalent tannin (TAET) levels was carried out with a spectrophotometer. The QEF content of L. camara Linn. leaf extract is 0.428 ± 0.004 mg/g. The GAEP content of L. camara Linn. leaf extract is 0.288±0.002 mg/g, while the content of TAET is 0.384 ± 0.009 mg/g.  This study confirmed the presence of flavonoids, phenols, and tannins in L. camara Linn. leaf extract,  either extracted with ethanol or with other solvents such as acetone or petroleum ether. The novelty of this study is that the variations in active substance levels can be used as an option in the exploration and use of L. camara Linn. Thus, L. camara Linn. is not only a wild plant that endangers the environment but can also be a source for exploration of QEF, GAEP, and TAET.


Keywords: Lantana camara Linn., organoleptic test, quercetin equivalent flavonoid, gallic acid equivalent phenolic, tannic acid equivalent tannin.

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