Health Risks and Community Perceptions due to the Impact of Fine Particles from Coal-Fired Power Plants

Slamet Isworo, Poerna Sri Oetari


Coal-fired power plants produce various types of pollutants, some of them are produced by coal-fired power plants, namely sulfur dioxide, particulate matter, and nitrogen dioxide. Particulate matter in the air comprises heterogeneous solid combinations and suspended liquid mixtures and can be transported into the atmosphere over a long period and distances. Particulate matter is a key indicator of anthropogenic impact, which is very significant to the decline in human health. This study aims to use the Environmental Health Risk Analysis method and the interview method to establish public perceptions of health hazards related to the impact of fine particles (PM2.5) from Coal Power Plants. The risk characteristics of carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic fine particles are still below the threshold in analyzing elemental risk. For the next 50 years, we determined the RQ value < 1 and the ECR value < 10-4. The locations of Sanetan, Trahan, Dadapan, Jerukwangi, Jinggotan and Jambu Timur had the highest RQ values sequentially. Sanetan, Trahan, Jinggotan, Jerukwangi, Jambu Timur, and Dadapan had the highest ECR values in a sequential order. Fine particles are perceived by 42-93% of respondents. However, the source of the dust is not thought to be from the power plant by 55-99% of respondents; 60-85.8% of respondents said their notion of fine dust was incorrect, while 18-78.6% of respondents did not know. Carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks in PM2.5 are still below the threshold, according to the analysis of metal elements in PM2.5. The health dangers of fine particles are not well understood by some people in study locations.


Keywords: health risk assessment, community perceptions, fine particle, coal power plants, risk characteristics.

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