Environmental Education Based on Local Values: Its Integration in the Indonesian Elementary School Curriculum

Asep Herry Hernawan, Deni Darmawan, Mohammad Ali


The scope of this research seeks to describe the needs analysis of the environmental education curriculum in elementary schools. The data is extracted from students and teachers when utilizing students' local wisdom. Critical environmental awareness is a necessity for all ages, including elementary school students. Proper understanding of environmental issues involves earlier initiation and introduction of students to the local content. This paper aims to describe the need to integrate environmental issues based on local wisdom within the elementary school curriculum. The authors seek to guide education planners in Indonesia on integrating environmental issues based on local values or local content in specific subject content for proper awareness creation among elementary school students. The target is to address gaps in the teaching of environmental education in primary schools across the archipelago. Elementary school students are the future citizens whose understanding of how the environment works from a localized perspective will help bring about better future environmental management. The study uses a survey method, applying two clusters of random sampling techniques. It was conducted in selected elementary schools around Bandung, the capital city of the West Java Province. For the data collection, structured questionnaires were used to examine. Then, the data was analyzed using simple statistical methods, which resulted in percentages. Conclusively, it has been established that specific environmental education themes based on local values and local content need to be included in the elementary school curriculum for more clarity and understanding of topics by the students. The suggested thematic topics should include issues related to overcoming environmental pollution, preventing global warming, the wise use of the environment flora and fauna, and appropriate values needed for environmental conservation and sustainability.


Keywords: school curriculum, local values, elementary school, environmental education.

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