The Whole Nine Yards of Safety Climate Research

Muhammad Shoaib Saleem, Ahmad Shahrul Nizam Isha, Yuzana Mohd Yusop, Maheen Iqbal Awan, Gehad Mohammed Ahmed Naji


The idea of safety climate is known for its complexity, as the notion of safety climate itself is perplexing through its content, dimensions, and application in different disciplines. The prime motive of this research is to apply bibliometric analysis to the safety climate research construct, ascertain the pivotal influences and elaborate a structure, characteristics and progresses made for the last 16 years. Application of this statistical technique for safety climate research construct is essential to understand the overall research patterns, as no such analysis can be found to date addressing the vast amount of data that we have utilized. In doing so, a total of 2,027 publications from 2005 to 2021 on safety climate were identified through the Web of Science. These 2,027 publications cover 5,723 authors, 686 research journals, 90 countries or territories, and 2,092 organizations and institutions. The main research areas associated with safety climate were healthcare, patient safety climate, psychological climate, and organizational safety climate. Contemporarily, food safety climate and food safety culture are also associated with safety climate. Historical application of safety climate in high-reliable industries provides a rationale to be utilized in other occupational settings. Prominent journals, publications, and authors from the last decade are also identified. Geographically, the USA, Australia, UK, and Canada are the most contributing countries for safety climate research. More collaboration on safety climate research is needed. Presently concentration in this research domain is found in certain countries, which creates geographical inequality in the publication in the purview of safety.


Keywords: bibliometric analysis, safety climate, organizational safety climate, safety performance, safety culture, health-care.


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