The Impact of Energy Drinks on Surface Roughness, Hardness, and Color Stability of Three Types of Composite Restorations

D.I. Hamadamin, D.H. Saeed


In the past years, the significant worldwide increase in the consumption of energy drinks has created several dental-related problems. One of these side effects is weakening the mechanical properties of composite resins, which shortens the lifespan of dental composite and fixed dentures. The study aimed to know the impact of energy drinks (Red Bull, Wild Tiger, and Monster energy Ultra sunrise) and distilled water on surface hardness, surface roughness, and color stability of composite resin restorations. The present prospective study was conducted in Khanzad teaching hospital, on 144 flat circular disks with dimensions 2mm in thickness and 12mm in diameter, which was fabricated using three types of composites: Kulzer (Diamond, Classic) and Tokuyama Omnichroma composite resins and each specimen were randomly immersed into four groups of beverages (Monster Energy, Red Bull, Wild Tiger, and Distilled water) for 5 minutes, three times over 24 hours for 28 days period. The present study showed that Wild Tiger Energy drink has the strongest influence on surface Hardness and color stability than the other beverages. Monster energy has the highest impact on surface roughness of the composite resin materials than other media used in this study. Energy drinks negatively impact the mechanical and physical properties of composite restorations; for this reason, a healthy diet should be advised for patients with composite fillings or fixed dentures.

Keywords: composite restoration, roughness, hardness, color stability, Omnichroma.

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