Life History Strategies of Crustose Coraline Algae (Rhodophyta) as Resilience Indicator of Coral Reef at Nature Reserve Pulau Sempu

Andik Isdianto, Oktiyas Muzaky Luthfi, Guntur, Muhammad Arif Asadi, Nuddin Harahab, Andi Kurniawan, Agus Dwi Wicaksono, Rosdianto, Berlania Mahardika Putri


Crustose Coralline Algae (CCA) are known as one of the calcifying algae which have important ecological responsibility on coral reef thus attracting coral juvenile, unstable binding substrate, source of food, and creating a substrate for some invertebrates. However, the study on the life histories of these algae was very poor when compared with coral. South Malang, East Java, directly faces the Indian Ocean and has a spatial coral reef ecosystem scattered in many places, one of the Nature Reserve Pulau Sempu (NRPS). This study aimed to get information regarding CCA recruitment and their growth strategy in plate materials. We used two different tile materials (settlement plates) composed of silica and carbonate base. The research result showed that CCA adhered Palimanan stone that contained more silica. The position also defined CCA recruitment because horizontal position is more calcified than the horizontal one. This research demonstrated the availability of CCA juveniles to succeed in their recruitment process and gave hope to the coral recruitment coral in Nature Reserve Pulau Sempu put over in substrate with coated CCA.

Keywords: benthic biotas, coral reef, recruitment, settlement.

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