Analysis of the Audiovisual Media Development for Basic Self-defense Learning in Sports Science Colleges
The development of learning technology in pencak silat (Indonesian for self-defense) theory and practice course positively benefits Sports Science Colleges. This study aims to find out and develop technology-based learning media to improve students’ learning mastery of basic self-defense. The process of learning self-defense theory and practice course still uses simple learning media and has not yet used the latest technology in learning. The old habit in this discipline uses direct movement examples demonstrated by the lecturers or their assistants. Audiovisual learning media facilitates the students to understand and practice basic movements of self-defense. The development of audiovisual media in self-defense theory and practice learning is very desirable in Sports Science Colleges. It becomes a new way to apply technology in terms of the audiovisual mixture used as a learning reference for the self-defense practice as it is always done through direct actions by trainers over time. Thus, an analysis should be conducted on the effectiveness of audiovisual media development for basic self-defense learning in Sports Science Colleges.
Keywords: audiovisual media, basic self-defense, instructional media.
AECT. Selecting Media for Learning. Washington DC. Association for Education Communication and Technology, 1977.
AGUS M. Pencaksilat Dasar (Basics of self-defense), Salatiga: Widya Sari, 2009.
ALTAVILLA G., D’ELIA F., D’ISANTO T., & MANNA A. Tests for the evaluation of the improvement of physical fitness and health at the secondary school. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 2019, 19(5): 1784–1787. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2019.s5262
HARROW A.J. A Taxonomy of the Psychomotor Domain. A Guide for Developing Behavioral Objectives. New York: Longman Inc, 1972.
BUABENG-ANDOH C., YAOKUMAH W., TARHINI A. Investigating students’ intentions to use ICT: a comparison of theoretical models. Education and Information Technologies, 2019, 24 (1): 643–660.
CLARK R. C., & MAYER R.E. E-learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning. John Wiley & Sons, 2016.
DALE H. S. Learning Theories an Educational Perspective. Yogjakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2012.
DIKNAS (NATIONAL EDUCATION). Peningkatan Kualitas Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Dirjen PT Direktorat Pembinaan Pendidikan Tenaga Kependidikan dan Ketenagaan Perguruan Tinggi (Improving the Quality of Learning. Jakarta: Director General of PT Directorate of Educational Development for Education Personnel and Higher Education Personnel), 2005.
DALE E. Audio Visual Methods in Teaching. New York: Holt Rinehart & Winston Inc, 1969.
GERLACH V.S., & ELY D.P. Teaching & Media: A Systematic Approach (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall Incorporated, 1980.
SOWELL E. J. Curriculum and Integrative Introduction. Pearson; 3rd edition, 2004.
HARIS M. Belajar Mandiri (Independent learning). Surakarta: UNS Press, 2006.
FRY H., KETTERIDGE S., & MARSHALL S. A Handbook for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education. New York: Routledge, 2009.
PLASS J.L., HEIDIG S., HAYWARD E.O. et al. Emotional Design in Multimedia Learning: Effects of Shape and Color on Affect and Learning. Journal of Learning and Instruction, 2013, 29: 1-13. www.elsevier.com/locate/learninstruc.
APPS J. W. A. Problems in Continuing Education. New York: McGraw Hill Books Company, 1979.
DROWATZKY J.N. Motor Learning: Principles and Practices. Minneapolis. Minnesota: Burgess Publishing Company, 1975.
JOHANSYAH L. Pencaksilat Panduan Praktis (Practical guide of self-defense). Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2004.
KERRES M. Against all odds: education in Germany coping with Covid-19, Postdigital Science and Education, 2020;1-5, doi:10.1007/s42438-020-00130-7
KOTOT S. R. Teknik Dasar Pencaksilat Tanding (Basic technique of self-defense fighting). Jakarta: Dian Rakyat, 2003.
MAGILL R. A. Motor Learning: Concepts and Applications (4th Ed.). Dubuque IA: WMC. Brown, 1993.
MCPHERSON M. & PICKETT W. Characteristics of martial art injuries in a defined Canadian population: A descriptive epidemiological study. BMC Public Health, 2010; 10, Article ID 795.
MEREDITH, D. G., JOYCE, P. G., & WALTER, R. B. Educational Research: An Introduction. Boston. Pearson Education, Inc, 2003.
METZLER M.W. Instructional Models for Physical Education. Massachusetts: A Pearson Education Company, 2000.
MUHAIMIN M., HABIBI A., MUKMININ A., et al. Predicting factors affecting intention to use Web 2.0 in learning: evidence from science education. Journal of Baltic Science Education, 2019, 18(4): 595-606.
PANNEN P. & PURWANTO. Penulisan Bahan Ajar. PAU PPAI (Writing teaching materials. Pau Ppa. Ditjen Dikti. Depdiknas Jakarta, 2001.
SCHMIDT R.A. & WRISBERG C.A. Motor Learning and Performance: A Problem-Based Learning Approach. Champaign IL: Human Kinetics, 2000.
MAYER R. E. Learning and Instruction. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2008.
MAYER R. E. Multi Media Learning: Prinsip-prinsip dan Aplikasi (Multimedia learning: principles and applications). Yogjakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2009.
HEINICH R., MOLENDA M., and RUSSELL J. Instructional Media and the New Technology of Instruction. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1982.
HEINICH R., MOLENDA M., RUSSELL J. D., & SMALDINO, S. E. Instructional Media and Technologies for Learning. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 7th ed., 2001.
SINGER R. N. Motor Learning and Human Performance: An Application to Motor Skills and Movement Behaviors. New York: Macmillan Pub, 1980.
ROMISZOWSKY, A. J. Developing Auto Instructional Materials. Philadelphia: Nicolas Publishing, 1986.
SMALDINO S. E., LOWTHER D. L., MIMS C. & RUSSELL J. D. Instructional Technology & Media for Learning. New York: Pearson Education, 2019.
SOETARNO, J. Pembelajaran Efektif. Pembelajaran yang Membelajarkan (Effective learning. learning teaches). Surakarta: UNS Press, 2011.
SRI, A. Teknologi Pembelajaran (Educational technology). Surakarta: FKIP UNS, 2009.
HACKBARTH S. Educational Technology Handbook. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publication, 1996.
SUGIYANTO &, AGUS K. Belajar Gerak II (Learning of motion II). Surakarta: UNS Pers, 1998.
SUGIYONO. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R & D (Quantitative, Qualitative, and R&D Research Methods). Bandung: C.V. Alfabeta, 2011.
GOOD T. L. & BROOPY, J. E. Educational Psychology: a realistic approach. New York: Longman, 4th ed., 1990.
UNDANG-UNDANG REPUBLIK INDONESIA NOMOR 20 (Law of The Republic of Indonesia Number 20). Tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional (National education system), 2003.
WANDA G. Y. Jean Plaget-Intellectual Development. Available at (http//www.sk.com.br/skpiaget.html). 2001.
EDWARDS W. H. Motor Learning and Control. From Theory to Practice. Belmont: Wadsworth, 2011.
WINA S. Strategi Pembelajaran Berorientasi Standar Proses Pendidikan (Educational process standard oriented learning strategy). Jakarta: Kencana Prenada, 2001
- There are currently no refbacks.