Development of Junior Karate Physical Test Instruments in Kumite Category
The purpose of this study is to: (1) obtain effective test instruments for physiological, biomotor, and technical measurements in identifying the seeds of talented athletes in the sport of karate in the match (kumite) category, (2) produce the norms of physical tests for karate athletes to identify the seeds of talented athletes in the sport of karate, the match (kumite) category. Instrument development methods were used in the research. Affirmative factor analysis technique was employed to test empirical validity. This technique aims to justify the accuracy of test items that measure the dimensions of variables arranged based on theoretical constructs. Based on the research results, we formed ten indicators of the physical condition of karate athletes in the juveniles’ kumite category, consisting of (1) sit and reach tests of 0.719 and 0.609; (2) ruler drop test of 0.674 and 0.540; (3) coordination tests (coordination of eyes, hands, and feet) of 0.809 and 0.712; (4) stork standing balance of 0.640 and 0.731; (5) triple hop jump of 0.801 and 0.749; (6) hexagon obstacle test of 0.608 and 0.608; (7) maximum speed test (30 meters sprint) of 0.817 and 0.740; (8) handgrip strength of 0.771 and 0.737; (9) muscle endurance tests (pushup) of 0.871 and 0.737; and (10) cardiorespiratory endurance tests (multi-stage running) of 0.799 and 0.814. The resulting product consists of a guidebook, test models, and physical test norms for karate in the kumite category.
Keywords: instrument development, karate, kumite.
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