Transplantation of Acropora in Different Depth: First Report on an Effort for Environmental Sustainability in Gili Ketapang, Probolinggo

Andys Dwianinda Rosaline, Mochamad Faisal Trisatrio, Muhammad Browijoyo Santanumurti, Fitri Budiyanto, Boedi Setya Rahardja, Putri Desi Wulan Sari


The Acropora commodity in Gili Ketapang, Probolinggo, is massively deteriorated; thus, a transplantation program for environmental sustainability is commenced. This study is aimed to determine the effect of depth on the Acropora transplantation activity as a reference of the Acropora rehabilitation program in the Gili Ketapang, Probolinggo. The result showed that transplanted Acropora at 5 m and 10 m depths showed different survival rates. The highest survival rate at a depth of 5 m was 94%, while the lowest was 84% at 10 m in depth. Their bright and diverse colors characterized the live corals in this study; meanwhile, the dead corals were pale white and fragile. The average density of zooxanthellae cells at a depth of 5 meters was 4.79 x 106 cells/cm2 and at a depth of 10 meters was 2.75 x 106 cells/cm2. Uniquely, the level of nitrate and phosphate did not comply with the quality standards. Thus, we recommend that transplantation activity of Acropora in Gili Ketapang, Probolinggo, was performed at a depth of 5 m for optimal results.


Keywords: Acropora, transplantation, environmental education, depth, marine conservation.

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