The Use of ICT in Thirukkural Teaching and Facilitation
This study aims to analyze the use of ICT in the teaching and facilitating of Thirukkural. In this era of globalization, 21st-century learning and teaching are very important for students. The current trend has led the Education Ministry of Malaysia to produce various ICT platforms for utilisation by the teachers, students, parents, school administration, District Education Office, State Education Department, and Ministry Of Education. The use of ICT in the teaching and learning of Thirukkural can enhance the understanding and applicable in a student's daily life. ICT platforms produce students with high-level thinking skills. The TPACK theory was used as the basis of this research. This study was conducted qualitatively. The researcher used questionnaires and conducted interviews with the Tamil language teachers from selected schools to obtain good research findings. Findings of this study showed that from 12 teachers, 30% of them actively used ICT in teaching and facilitation of Thirukkural. Another 30% used the ICT facilities in teaching and learning of Thirukkural on a moderate level. The study also revealed that 50% of the respondents were not very competent and did not effectively use ICT in the teaching and facilitating of Thirukkural. Descriptive analysis showed that the need for sufficient and well-equipped ICT infrastructure and facilities must also be addressed by the relevant parties, mainly on technical support, administrative roles, and encouragement from the MOE. According to TPACK theory, the aspects of pedagogical skills and ICT skills coherently influence students' progress; however, despite being in the 21st century, the usage of these skills has been shallow among Tamil language teachers. The basic use of ICT, such as PowerPoint, should be applied as an in-house course to teachers to be included in the teaching of Thirukural. These aspects are very important to objectify this information transformation process.
Keywords: Thirukkural, Information and Communication Technology, Frog Virtual Learning Environment, Teaching and Learning, Facilitation, Google Classroom.
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