Rice Bran Substitution Effect Using Fermented Rumen on Consumption, Egg Production and Feed Conversion of Duck
This study aimed to determine the effect of flour of fermented rumen digesta as a substitute for rice bran towards feed consumption, egg production, and feed conversion ratio of Khaki Campbell duck. This research used 50 Khaki Campbell ducks aged 24 weeks old. The method used rice bran substitution using alternative materials like fermented rumen digesta flour with some percentage and then observed feed consumption, egg production, and feed conversion ratio of duck. This method used a "Completely Randomized Design" with 5 treatments and 5 replications. The treatment used was fermented rumen digesta flour with varying doses 0% (T0); 7.5% (T1); 15% (T2); 17.5% (T3); and 25% (T4). Data were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and continued with Duncan's Multiple Range Test of SPSS. The result showed that the best treatment was addition 17,5% rumen digesta (T3) were significant differences (p<0.05) between other treatment on feed consumption (gram/duck/day) = 138.51a± 7.643 (T0); 140.14a± 7.823 (T1); 142.06ab± 6.070 (T2); 150.77b± 5.510 (T3); 141.04a± 7.166 (T4), on egg production (gram/duck/day) = 68.57a± 16.714 (T0); 60.00a± 21.773 (T1); 55.71a± 3.438 (T2); 56.42a± 18.898 (T3); 34.28b± 20.981(T4), and on feed conversion ratio = 3.35a± 0.626 (T0); 3.78a± 0.449 (T1); 4.48a± 1.174 (T2); 4.93a± 1.925 (T3); 8.36b± 4.661 (T4). The conclusion is that fermented rumen digesta as a substitution for rice bran can be used until dose 17.5% in formula feed to improve feed consumption, egg production, and feed conversion ratio of duck.
Keywords: rumen digesta, Khaki Campbell duck, feed consumption, egg production, feed conversion.
TURNIP I., PUTRI B.R.T., and SUKANAT I.W. Financial Feasibility Analysis of Mojosari Laying Duck Breeding Farm with Intensive Rearing System (Case Study at UD Sinar Harapan at Kedawung Village Blitar Regency East Java). SEAS (Sustainable Environment Agricultural Science), 2018, 2(1): 72-79. https://www.ejournal.warmadewa.ac.id/index.php/seas/article/view/632
NAGESWARA A.R., REDDY R.-B., and REDDY, R.-V. Performance of Indigenous Khaki Campbell and their Reciprocal Crossbred Layer Ducks under Different Management Systems. British Poultry Science, 2015, 4: 424-429. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00071660400024043?journalCode=cbps20
AFANDI R., HARTONO B., and DJUNAIDI I. The Analysis of Production Costs of Laying Hen Farms Using Semi Self-Mixing and Total Self-Mixing Feeds in Blitar Regency, East Java. Tropical Animal Science Journal, 2020, 43(1): 70-76. https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/tasj/article/view/25249
ELFAKI M.O.A, & ABDELATTI K.A. Rumen Content as Animal Feed: A Review. University of Khartoum Journal Veterinary Medicine Animal Production, 2016, 7(2): 80-88. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/334173007_Rumen_Content_as_Animal_Feed_A_Review
PANCAPALAGA W., SUYATNO S., and SEDLACEK D. The Use of Rumen Contents as Bio-Activators for Fermentation in Goat Manure Fertilizer Production. E3S Web of Conferences, 2021, 226: 1-5. https://www.e3s-conferences.org/articles/e3sconf/pdf/2021/02/e3sconf_icon-beat2019_00048.pdf
CHERDTHONG A., WANAPAT M., SAENKAMSORN A., WARAPHILA N., KHOTA W., RAKWONGRIT D., ANANTASOOK N., and GUNUN P. Effects of Replacing Soybean Meal with Dried Rumen Digesta on Feed Intake, Digestibility of Nutrients, Rumen Fermentation and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Thai Cattle Fed on Rice Straw. Livestock Science, 2018, 169: 71-77. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/266023288_Effects_of_replacing_soybean_meal_with_dried_rumen_digesta_on_feed_intake_digestibility_of_nutrients_rumen_fermentation_and_nitrogen_use_efficiency_in_Thai_cattle_fed_on_rice_straw
CHERDTHONG A. Potential Use of Rumen Digesta as Ruminant Diet – a Review. Tropical Animal Health Production, 2020, 52(1): 1-6. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/?term=Cherdthong+A&cauthor_id=31327105
DEBI M.R., WICHERT B.A. and LIESEGANG A. Method Development to Reduce the Fiber Content of Wheat Bran and Rice Bran Through Anaerobic Fermentation with Rumen Liquor for Use in Poultry Feed. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2019, 32(3): 395-404. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409478/
DARMAWAN A., WIRYAWAN K.G., and SUMIATI. Egg Production and Quality of Magelang Duck Fed Diets Containing Different Ratio of Omega 3, Omega 6 and Organic Zn. Jurnal Peternakan, 2013, 36(3): 197-202. https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/mediapeternakan/article/view/7659
RIDLA M., ALLAILY NIKMAH F.K., and RAM N. Performance of Mojosari Alabio Males Ducks Fed Complete Ration Silage. Animal Production, 2014, 16(3): 176-182. https://animalproduction.net/index.php/JAP/article/view/465/424
ALAO B.O, FALOWO A. B., CHULAYO A., and MUCHENJE V. The Potential of Animal By-Products in Food Systems: Production, Prospects and Challenges. Sustainability, 2017, 9(7): 1-18. https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/7/1089
ORLANDO M.Q., & BORJA V.M. Pretreatment of Animal Manure Biomass to Improve Biogas Production: A Review. Energies, 2020, 13: 1-25. https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/13/14/3573/htm
FOUAD A. M., RUAN D., WANG S., CHEN W., XIA W., and ZHENG C. Nutritional Requirements of Meat-type and Egg-type Ducks: What do We Know? Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology, 2018, 9:1 https://jasbsci.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s40104-017-0217-x.pdf
SIGOLO S., DELDAR E., SEIDAVI A, BOUYEH M., GALLO A., and PRANDINI A. Effects of Dietary Surpluses of Methionine and Lysine on Growth Performance, Blood Serum Parameters, Immune Responses, and Carcass Traits of Broilers. Journal of Applied Animal Research, 2019, 47(1): 146-153. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09712119.2019.1583571
WANG J., YUE H., WU S., ZHANG H., and QI G. Nutritional Modulation of Health, Egg Quality and Environmental Pollution of the Layers. Animal Nutrition, 2017, 3(2): 91-96. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405654516301809#!
KAYE J., AKPAB G. N., ALPHONSUSC C., KABIRD M., ZAHRADDEENE D., and SHEHU D.M. Responsed to Genetic Improvement and Heritability of Egg Production and Egg Quality Traits in Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica). American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 2016, 16(1): 277-292. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/235049802.pdf
GHOREYSHI S. M., OMRI B., CHALGHOUMI R., BOUYEH M., SEIDAVI A., DADASHBEIKI M., LUCARINI M., DURAZZO A., VAN DEN-HOVEN R., and SANTINI A. Effects of Dietary Supplementation of L-Carnitine and Excess Lysine-Methionine on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, and Immunity Markers of Broiler Chicken. Animals, 2019, 9(362): 1-18. https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/6/362
ODUNSI A. A. Blend of Bovine Blood and Rumen Digesta as a Replacement for Fishmeal and Groundnut Cake in Layer Diets. International Journal of Poultry Science, 2003, 2(1): 58-61. https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijps.2003.58.61
YITBAREK M. B., MERSSO B. T., and WOSEN. A. M. Effect of Dried Blood-Rumen Content Mixture (DBRCM) on Feed Intake, Body Weight Gain, Feed Conversion Ratio and Mortality Rate of SASSO C44 Broiler Chicks. Journal of Livestock Science, 2016, 7: 139-149. http://eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/view/7295/7015
MAKINDE O., ABDULLAHI A. M. and MOHAMMED G. Evaluation of Camel Rumen Content as a Feed for Broiler Chickens. Trakia Journal of Sciences, 2017, 2: 128-134. http://tru.uni-sz.bg/tsj/Vol15_N2_2017/O.J.Makinde.pdf
EFFIONG O. O., & AKPAN V. E. Performance of Finisher Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Containing Graded Levels of Rumen Digesta Filtrate Fermented Earth Ball (Icacinia Manni) Meal. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 2017, 13(2): 1-8. https://www.journaljaeri.com/index.php/JAERI/article/view/4155
ROYAN M. A. Review on the Lactic Acid Bacteria Probiotic in the Control of Coccidiosis, Campylobacteriosis, and Salmonellosis in Broiler Chickens. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 2019, 9(1): 1-8. http://ijas.iaurasht.ac.ir/article_663517.html
- There are currently no refbacks.