Physics Virtual Learning Simulation to Enhance Students' Critical Thinking Skill: Virtual Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Chyta Anindhyta, Widha Sunarno, Sri Budiawanti


Developing critical thinking skills has been set as an educational goal in Senior High School for many years. This goal is increasingly important because by improving critical thinking, students can get higher-order thinking skills (HOTS). Even more, during this current Covid-19 pandemic, learning activities at schools are limited and replaced with virtual learning. Many simulations must be carried out that impact critical thinking skills in the learning subject, especially in Physics. This study investigates the relationship between virtual physics simulations and critical thinking skills of High School students in Indonesia. It is quantitative research with 69 regular students at SMA Negeri 3 Pati selected as the participants. The research shows that virtual simulation impacts students' critical thinking skills, and its subdomain can explain nearly half of the variants of critical thinking skills. This thesis is expected to provide an overview needed for students in online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic.



Keywords: critical thinking skill, virtual learning, virtual simulation, COVID-19 pandemic.




Full Text:



WIJAYANTI N., SUMARNI W., and SUPANTI S. Improving Student Creative Thinking Skills through Project Based Learning. Universitas Negeri Semarang International Conference on Research Innovation and Commercialization 2018. Knowledge E Social Sciences, Ungaran, Indonesia, 2019: 408–421.

HOWARD L. W., TANG T. L.-P., and AUSTIN M. J. Teaching Critical Thinking Skills: Ability, Motivation, Intervention and the Pygmalion Effect. Journal of Business Ethics, 2015, 128(1): 133-147.

MANZON E. Creating Student Engagement: the Kickstarter Active Learning Project. Marketing Education Review, 2017, 27(2): 115-118.

ROTHERHAM A. J., & WILLINGHAM D. 21st Century Skills: The Challenges Ahead. Journal Department of Supervision and Curriculum Development, 2009, 67(1): 16-21.

AGUSTINI K., & WAHYUNI D. S. Pengaruh Penggunaan Simulasi Binary Tree Berbasis CAI. Jurnal Pendidik Indonesia, 2013, 2(1): 162-172.

FULLAN M. G., & STIEGELBAUER S. The New Meaning of Educational Change. Teachers College Press, Toronto, Canada, 1991.

DAVID B. Information and Digital Literacies: a Review of Concepts. Journal of Documentation, 2001, 57(2): 218-259.

ABED S., DAVOUDI D., and HOSEINZADEH A. M. H. The Effect of Synectics Pattern on Increasing the Level of Problem Solving and Critical Thinking Skills in Students of Alborz Province. WALIA Journal, 2015 31(1): 110-118.

ANANIADOU K., & CLARO M. 21st Century Skills and Competences for New Millennium learners in OECD Countries. OECD Education Working Papers No. 41. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris, France, 2009.

PIAWA C. Y. Building a Test to Assess Creative and Critical Thinking Simultaneously. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2010, 2: 551-559.

TEN DAM G., & VOLMAN M. Critical Thinking as a Citizenship Competence: Teaching Strategies. Learning and Instruction, 2004, 14(4): 359-379.

AMRI S., & AHMADI I. K. Proses Pembelajaran Kreatif dan Inovatif dalam Kelas. Prestasi Pustaka, Jakarta, Indonesia, 2010.

FISHER A. Berpikir Kritis Sebuah Pengantar. Erlangga, Jakarta, Indonesia, 2009.

HARSANTO R. Melatih Anak Berpikir Analitik, Kritis dan Kreatif. Gramedia, Jakarta, Indonesia, 2005.

SUTRISNO. Pengantar pembelajaran inovatif. Gaung Persada Press, Jakarta, Indonesia, 2011.

MEISNER G., HOFFMAN H., and TURNER M. Learning Physics in a Virtual Environment: is There Any? Latin-American Journal of Physics Education, 2008, 2(2): 87-102.

DABBAGH N., & RITLAND B. B. Online Learning: Concept, Strategies, and Application. Prentice Hall, New Jersey, USA, 2005.

AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT. A Vision of E-Learning for America’s Workforce. ERIC Clearinghouse, Washington DC, USA, 2001.

BONK C. J. Online Training in an Online World. Jones International University, Centennial, USA, 2002.

SCHEFFER B. K., & RUBENFELD M. G. A Consensus Statement on Critical Thinking in Nursing. Journal of Nurse Education, 2000, 39: 352-359.

BRANSFORD J. D., BROWN A. L., and COCKING R. R. How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School. National Academy Press, Washington DC, USA, 2000.

SMITH B. K., & BLANKINSHIP E. Justifying Imagery: Multimedia Support for Learning through Exploration. IBM Systems Journal, 2000, 39(3-4): 749-768.

O’FLAHERTY J., & COSTABILE M. Using a Science Simulation-Based Learning Tool to Develop Students’ Active Learning, Self-Confidence and Critical Thinking in Academic Writing. Nurse Education in Practice, 2020, 47.

CHANG E. A. The Efficacy of Asynchronous Online Learning in the Promotion of Critical Thinking in Graduate Education. Columbia University, New-York, USA, 2002.

KOORY M. A. Differences in Learning Outcomes for the Online and F2F Versions of "An introduction to Shakespeare". Journal of Asynchronous Learniong Network, 2003, 7(2): 18-35.

FACIONE N. C., & FACIONE P. A. The California Critical Thinking Skills Test and the National League for Nursing. Accreditation Requirement in Critical Thinking. California Academic Press, Millbrae, USA, 1994.

SALLEH S., TASIR Z., and SHUKOR N. A. Web-Based Simulation Learning Framework to Enhance Students’ Critical Thinking Skills. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2012, 64: 372-381.

ANISA M. K., PERMANA N. D., and NOVA T. L. Penggunaan Simulasi Virtual Pada Pembelajaran Fisika Untuk Meningkatkan Higher Order Thinking Skill (HOTS) Siswa: Meta-Analisis. Jurnal Kumparan Fisika, 2020, 3(2): 163-170.

HAWKINS I. C. Virtual Laboratory Versus Traditional Laboratory: Which Is More Effective for Teaching Electrochemistry? Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro , USA, 2013.

TATLI Z. and AYAS A. Virtual Chemistry Laboratory: Effect of Constructivist Learning Environment. Turkish Online Journal of. Distance Education, 2012, 13(1): 183-199.

DAVENPORT J. L., RAFFERTY A., TIMMS M. J., YARON D., and KARABINOS M. ChemVLab+: Evaluating a Virtual Lab Tutor for High School Chemistry. The Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference of the Learning Sciences. 2012 International Conference of the Learning Sciences, Sydney, Australia, 2012.


  • There are currently no refbacks.