Pain Self-Management by Cancer Patients Treated at RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang

Arief W. Jadmiko, Tri Nur Kristina, Untung Sujianto, Yan W. Prajoko, Luky Dwiantoro, Aris Puji Widodo


This article describes a new overview of in-depth information about cancer patients' experiences with pain management independently. The study uses a qualitative approach to patients with cancer diagnoses who are treated at Dr. Kariadi Semarang. We used the purposive sampling technique to select the respondents. In-depth interviews collected data. Two researchers independently coded transcript data. We used the Atlas.ti software to perform data analysis. Furthermore, the preparation of the report uses the COREQ guidelines. The results of this study obtained four research themes. Four themes emerged that describe the experiences of participants in their efforts to carry out pain management independently, namely diverting the pain they feel by: (1) Doing daily activities, (2) Doing religious activities, (3) Doing social interactions, and (4) Looking for a pleasant environment. Thus, cancer patients try to manage the intensity of the pain scale independently by doing activities that are believed to shift the intensity of the pain scale by daily activities, social activities, spirituality, and interacting with the environment. The participants' experiences in this study reveal each individual's uniqueness in carrying out pain management independently. The results of this study can be used to develop various independent (non-pharmacological) nursing interventions based on the uniqueness of each individual.




Keywords: pain management, cancer, non-pharmacology.





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