Effectiveness of Moodle in Teaching and Learning
Education advances every day, and one such advancement is the Learning Management System (LMS) which has been used in various countries worldwide. It gained greater impetus when online education came into the picture in 2020 globally to the entry of COVID-19. However, LMS is still an unexplored topic in some regions of the world. This paper aims to spell out how the inclusion of LMS can provide an easy imparting of education and a very convenient way of transferring knowledge so that the institutes not exposed to such experience could know about this. LMS helps instructors manage all academic activities from anywhere, anytime, as it is online-integrated software designed to support education online or offline. This paper intends to enlist the usefulness of one such LMS called Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment (Moodle), an e-learning platform that facilitates impactful teaching and learning. Instructors and students who have used Moodle are interviewed in a semi-formal way. The descriptive methodology was used to identify the highlights of the responses. The results of this study bring the effectiveness of Moodle into the limelight so that institutions adopt it to enhance the teaching process in effective learning. Hence, it lists the limitations of Moodle where the scope for development exists and intends to recommend to educationists to invest in LMS to contribute toward the holistic development of 21st-century education.
Keywords: learning management system, Moodle, e-learning, student engagement, student participation.
ABAR C.A.A.P., and DE MORAES C.U. Flipped classrooms and Moodle: Digital technologies to support teaching and learning Mathematics. Acta Didactica Napocensia, 2019, 12(2): 209-216. https://doi.org/10.24193/adn.12.2.16
ABULOUM, A., FARAH A., KASKALOGLU E., and YAAKUB A. College students’ usage of and preferences for print and electronic textbooks. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 2019, 14(7): 80-97. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v14i07.9871
ADEYINKA T., DARE O., ADEBISI O., and LAWAL A. Perception and usage pattern of e-books among library and information science students in selected universities in Nigeria. Journal of Library and Information Technology, 2018, 38(2): 132-140. http://doi.org/10.14429/dj lit.38.2.11111
AL-FRAIHAT D., JOY M., MASA’DEH R., and SINCLAIR J. Evaluating e-learning systems success: An empirical study. Computers in Human Behavior, 2020, 102(1): 67-86. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2019.08.004
ALFIRAS M., and BOJIAH J. Printed textbooks versus electronic textbooks: A study on the preference of students of Gulf University in Kingdom of Bahrain. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 2020, 15(18).
ALGAYRES M., and TRIANTAFYLLOU E. Learning analytics in flipped classrooms: A scoping review. Electronic Journal of E-Learning, 2020, 18(5): 397-409. https://doi.org/10.34190/JEL.18.5.003
ALJARAIDEH Y. Massive open online learning (MOOC) benefits and challenges: A case study in Jordanian context. International Journal of Instruction, 2019, 12(4): 65-78. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2019.1245a
ALKHASAWNH S., and ALQAHTANI M.A.M. Fostering students’ self-regulated learning through using a learning management system to enhance academic outcomes at the University of Bisha. TEM Journal, 2019, 8(2): 662-669. DOI: 10.18421/TEM82-47
ALZAHRANI A.A. The effect of distance learning delivery methods on student performance and perception. International Journal for Research in Education, 2019, 43(1): 12. https://bit.ly/32bUuyq
AMITI F. Synchronous and asynchronous E-learning. European Journal of Open Education and E-learning Studies, 2020, 5(2).
BERESTOK O.V. Synchronous and asynchronous e-learning modes: strategies, methods, objectives. Engineering and Educational Technologies, 2021, 9(1): 19–27.
BOTICKI I., AKÇAPINAR G., and OGATA H. E-book user modelling through learning analytics: The case of learner engagement and reading styles. Interactive Learning Environments, 2019, 27(5-6): 754-765. https://doi.org/10.1080/1049482
COMAN C., ȚÎRU L.G., MESEȘAN-SCHMITZ L., STANCIU C., and BULARCA M.C. Online teaching and learning in higher education during the Coronavirus pandemic: Students’ perspective. Sustainability (Switzerland), 2020, 12(24): 1-22. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410367
DADA E.G., ALKALI A.H., and OYEWOLA D.O. An Investigation into the Effectiveness of Asynchronous and Synchronous E-learning Mode on Students' Academic Performance in National Open University (NOUN), Maiduguri Centre. International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science, 2019, 11(5).
DAYAKAR G. Use of e-resources in higher education: Advantages and concerns. Journal of Applied and Advanced Research, 2018, 3(1): 17-19. https://doi.org/10.21839/jaar.2018.v3is1.160
DURANTE P. Effectiveness of synchronous and asynchronous online learning delivery in developing oral communication competencies. South Florida Journal of Development, 2022, 3: 3529-3536. 10.46932/sfjdv3n3-039.
ENGBRECHT J.R. Digital textbooks versus print textbooks. Culminating Projects in Teacher Development. 2018. https://repository.stcloudstate.edu/ed_etds/35.
EGOROV E.E., PROKHOROVA M.P., LEBEDEVA T.E., MINEEVA O.A., and TSVETKOVA S.Y. Moodle LMS: Positive and Negative Aspects of Using Distance Education in Higher Education Institutions. Purposes and Representations, 2021, 9(2): e1104.
FLORJANCIC V., and WIECHETEK L. Using Moodle and MS Teams in higher education – A comparative study. International Journal of Innovation and Leaning, 2022, 31: 264-286.
FRANCISCO C.D.C., and BARCELONA M.C. Effectiveness of an online classroom for flexible learning. International Journal of Academic Multidisciplinary Research, 2020, 4(8): 100-107.
FRISKA Y. Indonesian EFL Students’ Perceptions on Synchronous and Asynchronous e-Learning. Journal of English Language Education, 2021, 6(1): 44-55.
GIATMAN M., SISWAT, S., and BASRI I.Y. Online learning quality control in the pandemic COVID-19 era in Indonesia. Journal of Nonformal Education, 2020, 6(2): 168-175. https://journal.unnes.ac.id/nju/index.php/jne
GUNAWAN G., SAHIDU H., SUSILAWATI S., HARJONO A., and HERAYANTI L. Learning management system with Moodle to enhance creativity of candidate physics teacher. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2019, 1417(1): 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742- 6596/1417/1/012078
HABIBI M. Parents' hopes for early childhood education during the
COVID-19 pandemic: A case study in Gunungsari sub-district, West Lombok Regency, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. South Florida Journal of Development, 2022, 3(2): 1733-1737.
HADULLO K., OBOKO R., and OMWENGA E. Factors affecting asynchronous e-learning quality in developing countries university settings. International Journal of Education and Development using ICT, 2018, 14(1).
HERSKOWITZ N. Gartner Recognises Microsoft as Leader in Unified Communications as a Service and Meetings Solutions. Microsoft 365, 2021. https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/blog/2021/10/25/gartner-recognizes-microsoft-as-leader-in-unified-communications-as-a-service-and-meetings-solutions/
IRONSI C.S. Google Meet as a synchronous language learning tool for emergency online distant learning during the COVID-19 pandemic: Perceptions of language instructors and preservice teachers. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, 2022, 14: 640-659.
JOAQUIN J.J. B., BIANA H.T., and DACELA M.A. The Philippine higher education sector in the time of COVID-19. Frontiers in Education, 2020, 5. https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2020.576371
JUNG S., and HUH J.H. An efficient LMS platform and its test bed. Electronics, 2019, 8(2): 154. https://www.mdpi.com/2079-9292/8/2/154/html
KARABATZAKI Z., STATHOPOULOU A., KOKKALIA G., DIMITRIOU E., LOUKERI P., ECONOMOU A. and DRIGAS A. Mobile application tools for students in secondary education: An evaluation study. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 2018, 12(2): 142-161. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijim.v12i2.8158.
KEHRWALD B.A., and PARKER B. Implementing online learning: Stories from the field. Journal of University Teaching and Learning Practice, 2019, 16(1). https://bit.ly/2BQ5fvq
KIMMONS R., HUNSAKER E.W., JONES, J.E., and STAUFFER M. The nationwide landscape of K-12 school websites in the United States. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 2019, 20(3). https://bit.ly/2MSgDgM
KROUSKA A., TROUSSAS, C., and VIRVOU M. Comparing LMS and CMS platforms supporting social e-learning in higher education. In: 2017 8th International Conference on Information, Intelligence, Systems and Applications. 2017. DOI: 10.1109/IISA.2017.8316408
LEONARD A., and SNYMAN M. E-books: yes or no? A case study of undergraduate students at the University of Namibia. Collection and Curation, 2019, 38(3): 78-88. https://doi.org/10.1108/cc-08-2018-0018
LUK C.-H., NG K.-K., and LAM W.-M. The acceptance of using open-source learning platform (Moodle) for learning in Hong Kong’s higher education. In: International Conference on Technology in Education ICTE 2018: Technology in Education. Innovative Solutions and Practices, 2018: 249-257. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-0008-0_23
MAKRUF I., RIFA’I A.A., and TRIANA Y. Moodle-based online learning management in higher education. International Journal of Instruction, 2022, 15(1): 135-152. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2022.1518a
MAKWANYA C., and ONI O. E-books preference compared to print books based on student perceptions: A case on University of Fort Hare students. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 2019, 13(12): 236-245. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijim.v13i12.108 40
MANTASIAH R. Assessing verbal positive reinforcement of teachers during school from home in the COVID-19 pandemic era. International Journal of Instruction, 2021, 14(2): 1037-1050.
MERZIFONLUOGLU A., and GONULAL A. Review of digital language learning and teaching: Research, theory and practice. Language Learning and Technology. 2018, 22(1): 65-68.
MILLER T., MACLAREN K., and XU H. Online learning: Practices, perceptions, and technology. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 2020, 46(1). https://doi.org/10.21432/cjlt27894
MLOTSHWA N., TUNJERA N., and CHIGONA A. Integration of Moodle into the classroom for better conceptual understanding of functions in Mathematics. South African Journal of Education, 2020, 40(3): 1-14. https://doi.org/10.15700/saje.v40n3a1570
NAGY J.T. Evaluation of online video usage and learning satisfaction: An extension of the technology acceptance model. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 2018, 19(1).
NASH, S.S., and RICE W. Moodle E-Learning Course Development. 4th ed. Packt Publishing, Birmingham, UK, 2018.
NAZ T., and KHAN M. Functionality gaps in the design of learning management systems. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 2018, 9(11): 371-374. https://doi.org/10.14569/ijacsa.2018.091152
OGBONNA C.G., IBEZIM N.E., and OBI C.A. Synchronous versus asynchronous e-learning in teaching word processing: An experimental approach. South African Journal of Education, 2019, 39(2): 1-15.
OXKERT D. Using a tablet computer for EFL positive self-review: Increase in self-determination theory-based learning motives. Calido Journal, 2018, 35(2): 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1558/cj.32185
QUINN R., and GRAY G. Prediction of student academic performance using Moodle data from a further education setting. Irish Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning, 2020, 5(1): 1-19. Retrieved from https://journal.ilta.ie/index.php/telji/article/view/57
RADU M.-C., SCHNAKOVSZKY C., HERGHELEGIU E., CIUBOTARIU V.-A., and CRISTEA I. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the quality of educational process: A student survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2020, 17(21): 7770. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217770
RAKIC S., TASIC N., MARJANOVIC U., SOFTIC S., LÜFTENEGGER E., and TURCIN I. Student performance on an e-learning platform: Mixed method approach. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 2020, 15(02): 187. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v15i02.11646
RAMLLAH R., and NURKHIN A. Analysis of factors affecting behavioral intention to use e-learning uses the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology approach. In: 2019 International Conference on Economics, Business and Economic Education, 2020: 1005-1025. https://doi.org/10.18502/kss.v4i6.6658
DEVI K., and LAKSHMI V. Moodle – An effective learning management system for 21st century learners. Alochana Chakra Journal, 2020, IX(VI): 4474.
REICH S. M., YAU J.C., XU Y., MUSKAT T., UVALLE J., and CANNATA D. Digital or print? A comparison of preschoolers’ comprehension, vocabulary, and engagement from a print book and an e-book. AERA Open, 2019, 5(3): 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1177/2332858419878389
SHUKLA V.K., and VERMA A. Enhancing LMS experience through AIML base and retrieval base chatbot using R language. In: 2019 International Conference on Automation, Computational and Technology Management. 2019: 561-567. https://bit.ly/36pluhn
SIMANULLANG N.H.S., and RAJAGUKGUK J. Learning Management System (LMS) Based on Moodle to Improve Students Learning Activity. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2020, 1462: 012067
TURNBULL D., CHUGH R. and LUCK J. Learning management systems: An overview. In: Encyclopedia of Education and Information Technologies, Springer Nature. 2020: 1052-1058. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-60013-0_248-1
WANG J. Retrieving critical design factor of ebook for older people in Taiwan. Telematics and Informatics, 2018, 35(7): 2016-2027. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2018.07.005
ILMI Z., DARMA D.C., and AZIS M. Independence in learning, education management, and Industry 4.0: Habitat Indonesia during COVID-19. Journal of Anthropology of Sport and Physical Education, 2020, 4(4): 63-66.
- There are currently no refbacks.