Improving the Corrosion Resistance of TNTZ in Hanks’ Solution after Thermomechanical Treatment

Sir Anderson, Jon Affi, Yuli Yetri, Mitsuo Niinomi, Toshikazu Akahori, Gunawarman


Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr (TNTZ) is a new titanium alloy potentially to be used as bone implant material because of its advantages in terms of strength, ductility, non-toxicity, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility. Its mechanical properties are suitable for bone applications; however, there are still problems related to its corrosion behavior when used for a long time. Therefore, this research aims to determine the corrosion rate and types, and provide corrosion prevention by applying the thermomechanical treatment on TNTZ in Hanks’ solution. The limitation of this research was in not conducting the TNTZ biocompatibility tests. This research was conducted using the potentiodynamic polarization method in Hanks’ solution as the corrosive medium at a temperature of 37°C and a pH of 6.8. Before corrosion testing, a TNTZ sample was treated with thermomechanical treatment combined with solution treatment at a temperature of 850°C and a holding time of 45 minutes, followed by rapid cooling (water quenching), and plastic deformation with deformation variations of 10%, 15%, and 20%, and it was ended with aging heat treatment at a temperature of 300°C and holding time for 1 hour. The novelties of this research are the valid data of corrosion rate and type of TNTZ, which were unavailable before, and corrosion prevention through thermomechanical treatment of TNTZ in Hanks’ solution. The thermomechanical treatment is proved to reduce the pitting corrosion in TNTZ. The results show that thermomechanical treatment and increased plastic deformation can reduce the value of the corrosion rate, as evidenced by the pre-thermomechanical and thermomechanical TNTZ corrosion rates with deformation variations of 10%, 15%, and 20%, respectively, which were 5.522 x 10-4 mmpy; 2.754 x 10-4 mmpy; 2.290 x 10-4 mmpy; and 2.064 x 10-4 mmpy, respectively. TNTZ, after thermomechanical treatment, had the lowest corrosion rate, i.e., 2.064 x 10-4 mmpy, while Ti-6Al-7Nb had the highest one, i.e., 3.05 x10-2 mmpy. The type of TNTZ corrosion is pitting corrosion, as shown by the loss of zirconium that reduced the volume, causing pits to occur. Meanwhile, after thermomechanical treatment, pitting corrosion happened on TNTZ because of the loss or release of zirconium. This research shows that after thermomechanical treatment, TNTZ is the best material compared to other materials for biomedical applications based on corrosion resistance.


Keywords: titanium, TNTZ, corrosion, thermomechanics, deformation.

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