Applying the TOD Standard for Potential Location Selection for Sustainable Transit-Oriented Development in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand

Warakun Maneewan, Nopadon Kronprasert, Damrongsak Rinchumphu, Chaiwat Sangsrichan


Transit-oriented development (TOD) was organized as policies to promote the development of public transportation infrastructure in many countries, including the Thai government. Presently, Thailand is aiming for the growth of the city spreads in each region along with economic growth by stimulating sustainable development, especially in Chiang Mai Province. The purpose of this study was to implement the application of the TOD standard as an analytical tool in the context of Thailand. We adapted TOD standard as an instrument and indicator for physical data collection on areas that have the potential to be developed into TOD stations in Chiang Mai. The TOD standard as a selection tool will be used to score the selected three stations located on the Chiang Mai Red Line Mass Transit System Project that has the potential to develop into TOD. Data collection covers a radius from the stations of 500 meters and 500 – 1000 meters for commercial and residential land use, respectively. The scoring shows that the Airport station is the most potential area, followed by the Chiang Mai Rajabhat University and Nakornping hospital station. The results show that TOD standards had the potential to be used in the context of Thailand to enhance assessment, help in planning and drawing TOD policy for the upcoming station project, and identify specific TOD characteristics that need improvement.


Keywords: TOD Standard, transit-oriented development, transportation, urban planning, sustainable development.

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