Integrated Model of Coastal Ecosystem Restoration Management on the Tamban Beach, Malang Regency, Indonesia

Rudianto, Gatut Bintoro, Guntur, Deny Swatama, Ariq Rahman Paizar, Laurentius Klemens Jeremy, Lutfi Oktasyah, Calvin Arauna Purba


The novelty of this research shows that addressing climate change in coastal areas not only strengthens public awareness of the dangers of sea level rise but also increases the integration of ecosystem services both in land and seascapes. Coastal areas at the global, national and local levels are experiencing severe degradation. The decline in the number of services provided by coastal ecosystems in Indonesia, such as mangroves, coral reefs, and seagrasses, is due to the intensification of anthropogenic processes. The impact is the increasing intensity of tsunami waves, tidal flooding, and subsidence. This study aimed to create an integrated model for managing biological and ecological restoration of the coastal ecosystem in the coastal area of Tamban in Malang District in the planning process and institutional aspects. The method used for spatial mapping of the Tamban coastal area was unmanned aircraft (UAV). Meanwhile, the Partial Least Square (PLS) was used to determine the public's perception of and response to climate change. To make the best decisions regarding the impacts of climate change, interpretative structural modeling (ISM) was used. The results showed that the local people should participate actively in the planning, monitoring and evaluation process to increase the benefit from coastal ecosystems both in landscape and seascape. The conclusion of this study shows that preventing the impact of climate change must include the community involvement and policy formulations to utilize and restore  landscape and seascape ecosystem services.


Keywords: climate change, partial least square, unmanned aerial vehicle, interpretative structural modeling.

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