Bridging Health and Education via School Health Education in Pakistan: A Case Study of Rawalpindi

Sadaf Hameed, M. Bashir Khan, Naveed Yousaf Sandhu


Health and education are two important sectors that can determine a country’s development. Pakistan is a developing nation that has invested a lot of money in providing its people with better health and educational facilities. It is better to provide awareness among citizens to take care of their health rather than huge investments in curing the diseases. Students’ health has a positive impact on their learning abilities, and once they are aware of the healthy habits taught in schools, they can become healthy students and can achieve better in academics. The main purpose of this research is to examine the status of health education in public schools and to locate the ways through which health is promoted, via schools as a platform. The study examined five different elements of school health education: Personal Health and Life skills, Healthy school environment, Health and Nutrition Services, Disease control and prevention, School-community Partnership. The quantitative research method was employed using a survey strategy of school teachers. The study depicts the prevalence of health education components, with varying degree, in both primary and secondary schools. The Independent sample t-test was used to analyze the variances and mean differences between the groups.  The statistics have shown that in urban and rural areas, schools undergo similar practices regarding health education. A separate policy to bridge health and education in the form of school health education has been recommended to provide the basic guidelines for the authorities to take actions to foster students’ learning capabilities.


Keywords: school health education, health promotion programs, personal health and life skills, healthy school environment.

Full Text:



NUTBEAM, D. The health promoting school: closing the gap between theory and practice. Health Promotion International, 1992, 7: 151-153.

TILFORD, S., GREEN, J., and TONES, K. Values, Health Promotion and Public Health. Project Report. Health Development Agency, 2003.

LISTER-SHARP, D., CHAPMAN, S., STEWART-BROWN, S., & SOWDEN, A. Health promoting schools and health promotion in schools: two systematic reviews. Health Technology Assessment, 1999, 3(22): 1-207.

CONNELL, D. Summary of findings of the school health education evaluation: health promotion effectiveness, implementation and costs. Journal of School Health, 1999, 55: 316-321.

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION Mental Health Programmes in Schools. WHO, Geneva, 1993.

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION. WHO Expert Committee on Comprehensive School Health Education and Promotion. WHO, Geneva, 1995.

DOMMERS, E. and INGOLBY, M. The Health Promotion Handbook: Action Strategies for Healthy Schools. Harper Collins, Melbourne, 1996.

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION. Promoting Health Through Schools-Report of a WHO Expert Committee on Comprehensive School Health Education and Promotion. World Health Organization, Geneva, 1996.

KREUTER, M. and GREEN, L. Evaluation of school health education: Identifying purpose, keeping perspective. Journal of School Health, 1978, 48: 228-35.

WORLD BANK. World Development Report 1993, Investing in Health. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1993.

DEVANEY, B., SCHOCHET, P., THORNTON, C., FASCIANO, N. and GAVIN, A. Eventuality of the Effects of School Health Interventions on School Performance: Design Report. Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Princeton, N.J, 1993.

ALLENSWORTH, D. and KOLBE, L. The comprehensive school health program: exploring an expanded concept. Journal of School Health, 1987, 57: 409-412.

KALNINS, I., et al. Children, empowerment and health promotion: some new directions in research and practice. Health Promotion International, 1992, 7: 53-59.

BOOTH, L., and SAMDAL, O. Health-promoting schools in Australia: models and measurement. National Centre for Health Promotion, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Sydney, 2009.

LEGER, S., Development of a collaborative model to improve school health promotion in the Netherlands. Health Promotion International, 2005, 20: 296–305.

DURLAK, J. A. School-based Prevention Programs for Children and Adolescents. Development Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, Vol. 34. SAGE Publications, 1995.

RUNDALL, T. G., & BRUVOLD, W. H. A meta-analysis of school-based smoking and alcohol use prevention programs. Health Education Quarterly, 1988, 15(3): 317-334.

SEKARAN. U, () Research Methods for Business, a Skill Building Approach. Second Edition. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992.


  • There are currently no refbacks.